Hadith part 10: Follow those who will come after me, Abu Bakr and Umar (3)
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Let's now put the Isnad of the narration aside and focus on its content and analyze it in light of History and a list of Hadith that are known to be Mutwatir and widely accepted by all schools of thoughts.

According to this narration, the prophet is commanding us to follow Abu Bakr and Umar after him.

I need to sidetrack here for a moment to say the following:

The fanatics and radicals among those who claim to be Muslims proudly use various forums to insult and vilify the followers of Ahlul Bayt because they reject this narration and many others and categorically refuse to follow Abu Bakr and Umar. They call them RAFIDHIs as many of the past scholars have done. They are the same kind of people who believe that exploding oneself in the middle of the Shia'a will pay them a ticket to Paradise at the side of the prophet. They are the same people who believe that the Shia'a are Kuffars. They are the same people whose ancestors were serving Mua'awiya, Yazeed and their successors, all of whom used to have Ali torn apart with insults on all the pulpits of the Mosques within the Islamic empire for over 90 years. They are the same people who claim to love Ahlul Bayt and at the same time love and praise their enemies (Mu'awiya, Yazeed and so on).

You make a Shia'a of Ahlul Bayt the worst of your enemies and you are willing to tear him into pieces because he desagrees to accept your belief. Are not your true enemies those who are, on a daily basis, persecuting the Palestinians, taking their homes, killing their women and children, humiliating them and treating them worse than animals? Are not your enemies those same people who have stolen the land of your brothers and sisters in Islam and are toying with the second holiest site of Islam, as they see it fit? Are not your enemies those who invaded Iraq on false premises and are planning to attack Iran???

Quite frankly, this level of hateful treatment and disrespect towards a group of people who are Muslims and who continue to defend their belief system with knowledge and dialogue, is unislamic and unethical. If you can't argue with them with respect and kindness, then leave them alone. Calling them names and using profanities to justify your believe and make a point has no place in Islam. So wisen up and be a true Muslim by accepting others!

I have proven in the paper discussing the narration about the rightly guided caliphs that the rightly guided caliphs cannot be Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali, as many claim. Such a claim is ludicrous and baseless. Many of these reasons also prove that the prophet could not have commanded us to follow Abu Bakr and Umar. However, the prophet commanded us to follow people who are far more superior to them in all domains: knowledge, wisdom, piety, faith, courage, heroism, trustworthiness, Islam, purity, loyalty, obedience to Allah and His messenger, respect, uprightness, rightheousness and kinship to the seal of prophethood.

Let's now determine why this narration makes no sense and could not have been a commandment from the prophet.

  1. There are far too many Hadith that show the superiority of Ahlul Bayt over all companions, and in particular Abu Bakr and Umar. This superiority is what makes this narration illogical and unacceptable.

    Purity: Hadith al-Kisa' proved that Ahlul Bayt (Ali, Fatima, al-Hassan and al-Hussein) have been purified a perfect purification and have been cleaned from all forms of uncleanness. No companion was given such merit, and certainly not Abu Bakr and Umar:

    The verse "Verily Allah intends to ... (33:33)" was revealed to the Prophet in the house of Umm Salama. Upon that, the Prophet gathered Fatimah, al-Hasan, and al-Husain, and covered them with a cloak, and he also covered Ali who was behind him. Then the Prophet said: "O' Allah! These are the Members of my House (Ahlul-Bayt). Keep them away from every impurity and purify them with a perfect purification." Umm Salama (the wife of Prophet) asked: "Am I also included among them O Apostle of Allah?" the Prophet replied: "You remain in your position and you are toward a good ending."
    لما نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيةُ عَلَى النَّبي صَلَّى اللَّه عليهِ وسَلَّم {إنَّما يُرِيدُ اللَّه ليُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ البَيْتِ ويُطَهِّرَكم تَطْهِيراً} في بيتِ أمِّ سَلَمَة فدعا فاطمةَ وحَسناً وحُسيناً فجَلَّلهم بِكِساءٍ وعليٌّ خَلْفَ ظَهْرِهِ فجلَّلَهُ بِكِسَاءٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ: اللَّهمَّ هؤلاءِ أهلُ بيتي فأَذْهِبْ عَنْهمُ الرِّجْسَ وطَهِّرْهُمْ تَطْهِيراً. قَالَت أم سَلَمة: وأنا معَهُم يا نبيَّ اللَّه، قَالَ أنت عَلَى مكَانِكِ وأنتِ عَلَى خيْرٍ"

    Knowledge and Justice: Hadith al-Safina and many other Hadith related to the knowledge of Ahlul Bayt prove their superiority in knowledge.

    The prophet said to Ali: I am the city of knowledge and `Ali is its gate; whoever intends to enter the city should come to its gate.
    قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أنا مدينة العلم وعلي بابها ، فمن أراد المدينة فليأتها من بابها

    The prophet said to Ali: I am the house of wisdom and `Ali is its gate.
    أنا دار الحكمة، وعلي بابها.

    The prophet said to Ali: You will resolve the people's desagreements after me
    يا علي! أنت تبين لأمتي ما اختلفوا فيه من بعدي.

    The prophet said: the most knowledgeable of my Ummah after me is Ali
    أعلم أمتي من بعدي علي بن أبي طالب.

    Umm Salama who said: The Messenger of Allah said: "Ali is with Quran, and Quran is with Ali. They shall not separate from each other till they both return to me by the Pool (of Paradise)."
    علي مع القرآن، والقرآن مع علي، لن يتفرقا حتى يردا علي الحوض.

    "O Allah! turn the haqq with Ali wherever he ('Ali) turns"
    قال رسول الله -صلَّى الله عليه وسلَّم: رحم الله عليا، اللهم أدر الحق معه حيث دار .

    My Ahlul-Bayt are like the Ark of Noah. Whoever embarked in it was SAVED, and whoever turned away from it was PERISHED.
    إن مثل أهل بيتي فيكم مثل سفينة نوح، من ركبها نجا ومن تخلف عنها هلك

    The Prophet said about Ahlul-Bayt: "Do not be ahead of them for you will perish, do not turn away from them for you will perish, and do not try to teach them since they know more than you do!"
    فلا تقدموهما فتهلكوا ولا تقصروا عنهما. فتهلكوا ولا تعلوهم فإنهم أعلم منكم.

    Ali himself testified to such merit in many occasions:

    "Ask me anything you like before I leave you. Ask me about the Holy Book (The Qur'an) since I know about every verse in it - whether it was revealed in the night or during the day, on a plain field or in the steep mountains. By Allah, no verse of the Holy Qur'an was revealed but I know about what it was revealed, where it was revealed, and about what person it was revealed. Allah Almighty has endowed me with an eloquent tongue and a wise mind"
    وأما علي فروى عنه الكثير وقد روى معمر عن وهب بن عبد الله عن أبي الطفيل قال شهدت عليا يخطب وهو يقول (سلوني فوالله لا تسألوني عن شيء إلا أخبرتكم وسلوني عن كتاب الله فوالله ما من آية إلا وأنا أعلم أبليل نزلت أم بنهار أم في سهل أم في جبل) وأخرج أبو نعيم في الحلية عن ابن مسعود قال إن القرآن أنزل على سبعة أحرف ما منها حرف إلا وله ظهر وبطن وإن علي بن أبي طالب عنده منه الظاهر والباطن وأخرج أيضا من طريق أبي بكر بن عياش عن نصير بن سليمان الأحمسي عن أبيه عن علي قال والله ما نزلت آية إلا وقد علمت فيم أنزلت وأين أنزلت إن ربي وهب لي قلبا عقولا ولسانا سئولا أما ابن مسعود فروي عنه أكثر مما روي عن علي وقد أخرج ابن جرير وغيره عنه أنه قال (والذي لا إله غيره ما نزلت آية من كتاب الله إلا وأنا أعلم (ص 494) فيمن نزلت وأين نزلت ولو أعلم مكان أحد أعلم بكتاب الله مني تناله المطايا لأتيته

    On the day of al-Shura (the day the third caliph had to be appointed), Ali testified to many of his merits and one of them was about his knowledge:

    ...قال نشدتكم بالله أفيكم أحد دعا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم له في العلم وإن يكون أذنه الواعية مثل ما دعا لي قالوا اللهم لا...

    As for justice, let's look at the following hadith in Kanz al-U'ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi (vol 13, #36378):

    أنا أسلم بن الفضل بن سهل ثنا الحسين بن عبيد الله الأبزاري البغدادي ثنا إبراهيم بن سعيد الجوهري حدثني أمير المؤمنين المأمون حدثني الرشيد حدثني المهدي حدثني المنصور حدثني أبي حدثني عبد الله بن عباس قال: سمعت عمر بن الخطاب يقول: كفوا عن ذكر علي بن أبي طالب فقد رأيت من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فيه خصالا لأن تكون لي واحدة منهن في آل الخطاب أحب إلي مما طلعت عليه الشمس، كنت أنا وأبو بكر وأبو عبيدة في نفر من أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فانتهيت إلى باب أم سلمة وعلي، قائم على الباب فقلنا: أردنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فقال: يخرج إليكم، فخرج رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فسرنا إليه فاتكأ على علي بن أبي طالب ثم ضرب بيده منكبه ثم قال: إنك مخاصم تخاصم، أنت أول المؤمنين إيمانا، وأعلمهم بأيام الله، وأوفاهم بعهده، وأقسمهم بالسوية، وأرأفهم بالرعية وأعظمهم رزية، وأنت عاضدي، وغاسلي، ودافني، والمتقدم إلى كل شديدة وكريهة، ولن ترجع بعدي كافرا وأنت تتقدمني بلواء الحمد وتذود عن حوضي، ثم قال ابن عباس من نفسه: ولقد فاز علي بصهر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وبسطة في العشيرة وبذلا للماعون وعلما بالتنزيل وفقها للتأويل ونيلا للأقران

    Here is another testimony from Ali:

    المصفح العامري روى عن علي قال أخبرنا يزيد بن هارون قال أخبرنا فضيل بن مرزوق عن جبلة بنت الصفح عن أبيها قال قال لي علي يا أخا بني عامر سلني عما قال الله ورسوله فإنا نحن أهل البيت أعلم بما قال الله ورسوله قال والحديث طويل

    More about the knowledge of Ali...

    Abu Bakr and Umar could not survive their caliphate periods without the knowledge of Ali as they have themselves admitted:

    Sa'id al-Musayyib reported: Abu Bakr said: "May Allah never put me in a situation where I can not have access to Abul Hasan (i.e., Ali) to solve a problem."

    What about Umar?

    Umar said: "If there was not Ali, Umar would have perished."
    لولا عليّ هلك عمر

    Umar Ibn al-Khattab used to beg God to preserve him from a perplexing case which the father of al-Hasan was not present to decide.
    فقال عمر: أعوذ بالله أن أعيش في قوم لست فيهم يا أبا حسن

    So if Abu Bakr and Umar could not survive without the knowledge of Ali, it means that both were no knowledgeable enough to be followed and it also means that they were ignorant about lots of things related to religion.

    Adherence to Ali is a must:

    Who forsakes you (Ali) also forsakes me and who befriends you (Ali) also befiends me.
    من فارقك يا علي فقد فارقني، ومن فارقني، فقد فارق الله

    The prophet said to Ammar ibn Yassir: "If you see Ali go one way and the people go another way, you should follow Ali and leave the people. Ali will never misguide you."
    يا عمار! إن رأيت عليا قد سلك واديا وسلك الناس واديا غيره فاسلك مع علي ودع الناس، إنه لن يدلك على ردي ولن يخرجك من الهدى

    The prophet said: "If you follow Ali you will find him a good guide who will lead you to the straight path."
    إن تولوا عليا تجدوه هاديا مهديا يسلك بكم الطريق المستقيم.

    Ali is the first who believed in me and the first who will be with me on the day of resurrection, he is the greatest of the truthful and the distinguisher of this Ummah between truth and falsehood, he is the Ya'asub (leader or master) of the believers
    إن هذا أول من آمن بي وأول من يصافحني يوم القيامة، وهذا الصديق الأكبر، وهذا فاروق هذه الأمة يفرق بين الحق والباطل وهذا يعسوب المؤمنين، والمال يعسوب الظالمين - قاله لعلي

    Unconditional obedience to Ahlul Bayt: Hadith al-Thaqalayn is widely accepted to be authentic and Mutawatir, in contrast to the narration of following Abu Bakr and Umar. This is an undisputable fact. By the way, Hadith al-Thaqalayn was reported in the Sahih Muslim while the narration under analysis was not reported by Muslim or Bukhari. Just so you know.

    The following is Hadith al-Thaqalayn:

    The messenger of Allah said: "I am leaving for you two precious and weighty Symbols that if you adhere to BOTH of them you shall not go astray after me. They are, the Book of Allah, and my progeny, that is my Ahlul-Bayt. The Merciful has informed me that These two shall not separate from each other till they come to me by the Pool (of Paradise). Watch out how you treat them after me."
    قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: "اني تارك فيكم ما إن تمسكتم به لن تضلوا بعدي؛ أحدهما أعظم من الآخر؛ كتاب الله حبل ممدود من السماء الى الأرض وعترتي أهل بيتي ولن يتفرقا حتى يردا على الحوض فانظروا كيف تخلفوني فيهما".

    In this Hadith, the prophet commands us (this is of course the will of Allah) to unconditionally adhere to the Quran and Ahlul Bayt (Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussein) in order no to stray off the straight path. In this Hadith, the prophet has made Ahlul Bayt the equal of the Quran who will never differ from it.

    The messenger of Allah said: "Whoever obeys 'Ali, obeys me, whoever obeys me, obeys Allah, whoever disobeys 'Ali disobeys me, whoever disobeys me, disobeys Allah"
    من أطاعني فقد أطاع الله عز وجل ومن عصاني فقد عصى الله ومن أطاع عليا فقد أطاعني ومن عصى عليا فقد عصاني

    Ali is the master of all believers:

    al-Barra' ibn A'azib narrated they were travelling with the prophet and stopped at Ghadeer Khum. We prayed in congregation the prayer of Noon time. He took the hand of Ali and said: "Do I not have more authority over you than you have over yourselves?" The people agreed. Then the prophet asked: "Do I not have more authority over every believer than he has over himself?" Then he took Ali by the hand and said: "Whomever I am his master, then this Ali is also his master. Oh Allah befriend who befriends him, be the enemy of his enemy." Then Umar came and told him: "Congratulations to you O ibn Abi Talib. You have become the Mawla of every believer."...
    حدّثنا عفّان، حدّثنا حمّاد بن سلمة، أخبرنا عليّ بن زيد، عن عديّ بن ثابت، عن البّراء بن عازب قال: كنّا مع رسول الله(صلى الله عليه وآله) في سفر، فنزلنا بغدير خمّ، فنودي فينا الصلاة جامعة، وكُسح لرسول الله(صلى الله عليه وآله) تحت شجرتين، فصلّى الظهر وأخذ بيد علي(عليه السلام) فقال: ((أَلَسْتُمْ تَعْلَمون أَنِّي أَوْلَى بِالُمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ))؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: ((أَلَسْتُمْ تَعْلَمون أَنِّي أَوْلَى بِكُلِّ ُمُؤْمِنٍ مِنْ نَفْسِهِ))؟ قالوا: بلى قال: فأخذ بيد عليّ فقال: ((مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلاَهُ فَعَلِيٌّ مَوْلاَهُ اللَّهُمَّ وَالِ مَـنْ وَالاَهُ وَعَادِ مَنْ عَادَاهُ))، قال: فلقيه عمر بعد ذلك فقال: هنيئاً يَا ابن أبي طالب، أصبحت وأمسيت مولى كلّ مؤمن ومؤمنة.

    Bravery and Heroism: Who will deny that Ali was the most courageous of all the companions? Did Ali ever turn his back from the battle or fled the battlefield? Certainly Abu Bakr and Umar did so in the battle of Uhud while only a few companions, including Ali, remained to protect the prophet? What about in Khaybar? Did they not both (Abu Bakr and Umar) return defeated by the enemy while Ali returned but victorious? In Khandaq, no one dared face Amr ibn `Abdawadd but himself. In Hunayn, most of the companions fled the battlefield, including Abu Bakr and Umar (according to some narrations), but Ali remained steadfast to the prophet. That is courage.

    There are many more narrations that prove the superiority of Ali and therefore Ahlul Bayt over everyone after the prophet. Here is a summary of them from the pure mouth of Ali himself:

    Ali said: "Is there one who was the brother of the prophet besides me? Is there one other then me who has an uncle like Hamza, the Lion of Allah and the master of all martyrs? Is there one other then me who has a brother like Ja'afar al-Tayyar who has wings he can use to fly in Heaven? Is there one other then me who has 2 sons like al-Hassan and al-Hussein who are the leaders of the youth of Paradise? Is there one other then me who has a wife like mine, Fatima the daughter of the prophet? Is there one other me who is the fiercest fighter of the polytheists in every battle? Is there one other me who slept in his bed to save his life? Is there one other than me and Fatima who used to take the Khums? Is there one other then me who was considered pure in the book of Allah when the prophet closed all the doors of the Muhajereens and left mine open, then his 2 uncles Hamza and Abbas came to him and asked him about his action, and the prophet told them that this was an order from Allah?..."
    عن زافر عن رجل عن الحارث بن محمد عن أبي الطفيل عامر بن واثلة قال: كنت على الباب يوم الشورى، فارتفعت الأصوات بينهم فسمعت عليا يقول: بايع الناس لأبي بكر وأنا والله أولى بالأمر منه، وأحق به منه، فسمعت وأطعت مخافة أن يرجع الناس كفارا يضرب بعضهم رقاب بعض بالسيف، ثم بايع الناس عمر وأنا والله أولى بالأمر منه وأحق به منه فسمعت وأطعت مخافة أن يرجع الناس كفارا يضرب بعضهم رقاب بعض بالسيف، ثم أنتم تريدون أن تبايعوا عثمان إذا أسمع وأطيع، إن عمر جعلني في خمسة نفر أنا سادسهم لا يعرف لي فضلا عليهم في الصلاح ولا يعرفونه لي كلنا فيه شرع سواء وايم الله لو أشاء أن أتكلم ثم لا يستطيع عربيهم ولا عجميهم ولا المعاهد منهم ولا المشرك رد خصلة منها لفعلت، ثم قال: نشدتكم بالله أيها النفر جميعا أفيكم أحد آخى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم غيري؟ قالوا: اللهم لا، ثم قال: نشدتكم الله أيها النفر جميعا أفيكم أحد له عم مثل عمي حمزة أسد الله وأسد رسوله وسيد الشهداء؟ قالوا: اللهم لا، ثم قال: أفيكم أحد له أخ مثل أخي جعفر ذي الجناحين الموشى بالجوهر يطير بهما في الجنة حيث شاء؟ قالوا: اللهم لا، قال: فهل أحد له سبط مثل سبطي الحسن والحسين سيدي شباب أهل الجنة؟ قالوا: اللهم لا، قال: أفيكم أحد له زوجة مثل زوجتي فاطمة بنت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم؟ قالوا: اللهم لا. قال: أفيكم أحد كان أقتل لمشركي قريش عند كل شديدة تنزل برسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم مني؟ قالوا: اللهم لا، قال: أفيكم أحد كان أعظم غنى عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم حين اضطجعت على فراشه ووقيته بنفسي وبذلت له مهجة دمي؟ قالوا: اللهم لا، قال: أفيكم أحد كان يأخذ الخمس غيري وغير فاطمة؟ قال: اللهم لا، قال: أفيكم لا، قال: أفيكم أحد كان له سهم في الحاضر وسهم في الغائب غيري؟ قالوا: اللهم لا، قال: أكان أحد مطهرا في كتاب الله غيري حين سد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أبواب المهاجرين وفتح بابي فقام إليه عماه حمزة والعباس فقالا: يا رسول الله سددت أبوابنا وفتحت باب علي، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ما أنا فتحت بابه ولا سددت أبوابكم بل الله فتح بابه وسد أبوابكم؟ قالوا: اللهم لا، قال: أفيكم أحد تمم الله نوره من السماء غيري حين قال: { وآت ذا القربى حقه} قالوا: اللهم لا، قال: أفيكم أحد ناجاه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم اثنى عشرة مرة غيري حين قال الله تعالى: { يا أيها الذين آمنوا إذا ناجيتم الرسول فقدموا بين يدي نجواكم صدقة} قالوا: اللهم لا، قال: أفيكم أحد تولى غمض رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم غيري؟ قالوا: اللهم لا، قال: أفيكم أحد آخر عهده برسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم حين وضعه في حفرته غيري؟ قالوا: اللهم لا.

    Indeed, it is Ali who is the brother of the prophet in this world and the hereafter. It is Ali who is from the prophet and the prophet from Ali. It is Ali who is to the prophet as Harun was to Moses, that is his brother, his vizier, his supporter, his caliph, and the list can go on and on and on...

    This undisputable and factual superiority certainly proves that Ahlul Bayt are the people worth following as Allah prepared them to it. He bestowed upon them all these merits so as to elevate them above all companions and make them the leaders of the Ummah after the prophet. After all, why did Abu Bakr and Umar congratulate Ali on the Day of Ghadeer Khum?? Was not the matter of the caliphate decided upon then??

    Hadith al-Thaqalayn, which is strong, authentic and Mutawatir, in contrast to the weak and questionable narration under analysis, is enough to conclude that Ahlul Bayt are the real people to follow and that te conflicting narration was fabricated in order to reduce the importance of Ahlul Bayt and mislead the already oppressed and brainwashed Muslims.

  2. As discussed in details in the paper dealing with the narration of the rightly guided caliphs, Abu Bakr and Umar differed about many issues and Umar introduced many innovations into Islam by modifying the Sunnah of the prophet. The prophet will never command us to follow Abu Bakr and Umar when both differed about is Sunnah and Umar was a man of Bida'a who changed his Sunnah!

  3. The clashes between Ahlul Bayt and their followers from the companions on one side and Abu Bakr and Umar with their followers from the companions on the opposite side started after the event of al-Saquifah, where Umar managed to make Abu Bakr the successor of the prophet. Fatima al-Zahra', Abbas ibn Abu Talib (uncle of the prophet), Imam Ali and many other companions (Ammar ibn Yassir, Salman al-Farisi, Abu Dharr al-Ghifari, al-Miqdad, Talha, al-Zubayr, etc) who were on the side of Ahlul Bayt confronted the actions of Abu Bakr when he came back a Caliph from al-Saquifah of Banu Sa'ad.

    Please read the paper about the rightly guided caliphs to understand that Ahlul Bayt opposed the appointment of Abu Bakr as the caliph of the Muslims after the prophet. Would Ahlul Bayt, who are the second of the Thaqalayn, disobey the commandment of the prophet, if the latter had truly asked the Ummah to follow Abu Bakr and Umar?

    Imam Ali remained 6 months without paying Allegiance to Abu Bakr and Sitna Fatimah never did. Now tell me: Would Imam Ali with all his unmatched virtues (The virtues of Ali) disobey the will and desire of the prophet for wordly things??? If you do, then you don't know the true Imam Ali. Would sitna Fatima also disobey the will of her father and fight against Abu Bakr and Umar??

  4. When Ahlul Bayt and their followers opposed the appointment of Abu Bakr, the latter ordered to forcefully get the pledge of allegiance from them. So Umar took a group of people with him and, to make the story short, threatened to burn the house of Fatimah al-Zahra). Will the prophet command us to follow people who would hurt his most beloved people, Ahlul Bayt, whom Allah made superior to all companions after the prophet, and whom Allah made it an obligation to love and bless, as loving them is Iman and hating them is hypocrisy?? Are these the kind of people you want to follow??

  5. The attack of the house of Fatima and the denying of her inheritance have left Fatima angry at both of them (Abu Bakr and Umar) until she left this world. Without any offense to anyone, how can we follow Abu Bakr and Umar when they violated the rights of Ahlul Bayt, usurped the Khilafah from them, they vilified them by attacking their home and threatening to burn them with their supporters in it, they snatched away their property (Fadak) and inheritance and they introduced innovations into the religion? Is that how a faithful man treats the beloved family of the prophet??? Are they really worth praising let alone be our guides and leaders? Are these the kind of people the prophet has asked us to follow?

    For God's sake, these people have violated the rights of Fatima, let alone Ahlul Bayt. They angered her. They disturbed. They hurt her. Here is the legacy of the prophet about Fatima:

    Allah's Apostle said, "Fatima is a part of me, and he who makes her angry, makes me angry."
    إنما فاطمة بضعة مني، فمن أغضبها فقد أغضبني.

    ...for my daughter is part of me. He who disturbs her in fact disturbs me and he who offends her offends me.
    فإنما ابنتي ‏ ‏بضعة ‏ ‏مني ‏ ‏يريبني ‏ ‏ما رابها ‏ ‏ويؤذيني ما آذاها

    Fatima is a part of my body, and I hate what she hates to see, and what hurts her, hurts me.

    Miswar b. Makhramah reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Fatima is a part of me. He in fact tortures me who tortures her.
    ‏قال رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏إنما ‏ ‏فاطمة ‏ ‏بضعة ‏ ‏مني يؤذيني ما آذاها

    The anger of Fatima brings about the wrath of Allah and her acceptance brings about His acceptance.
    إن الله عز وجل ليغضب لغضب فاطمة ويرضى لرضاها.

    al-Dhahabi has rejected the above hadith because of Hussein ibn Zayd. I ask you: does not angering the prophet of Allah bring down the wrath of Allah upon the perpetrators??? The point is that by hurting Fatimah, Abu Bakr and Umar have also hurt the prophet. Having said that, how then could the prophet tell the people to follow someone who would hurt his family, and in particular he beloved daughter, Sayyidat Nisa' al-A'alameen??? They have indeed brought the wrath of Allah upon themselves. Read more about the virtues of Fatimah al-Zahra.

    And by the way, Fatima died sad and angry at both of them and never forgave them for what they have done.

  6. On the day of al-Shura, Ali was presented with the condition to follow the Quran, the Sunnah and the ways of the Abu Bakr and Umar. He refused. This was also discussed in the paper dealing with the narration about the rightly guided caliphs. Please refer to it.

    Ali's refusal is clear proof that the narration under analysis is false and a lie.

  7. The interesting thing is that neither Abu Bakr nor Umar used this tradition to support their claim of the caliphate at any moment in their life! That is right! They neither uses it at al-Saqifa when they faced the opposition of the Ansars nor in Medina when they faced the opposition of Ahlul Bayt and their followers. Would this not have been a great opportunity to support their claim and action?

    This meeting (al-Saqifa) turned into a heated dispute and fight, and even then, there was no mention of this hadith. However, in Umar's own words, this is what happened (Abu Bakr is giving the speech):

    "Ansar! You deserve all (the qualities that you have attributed to yourselves, but this question (of Caliphate) is only for the Quraish as they are the best of the Arabs as regards descent and home, and I am pleased to suggest that you choose either of these two men, so take the oath of allegiance to either of them as you wish". And then Abu Bakr held my hand and Abu Ubada bin Abdullah's hand who was sitting amongst us.

    On the other hand, Ali reiterated all his merits, and especially Hadith al-Ghadeer to prove his foremost right to the caliphate. But the majority decided not to hear his plea! Just read the chapter about the caliphate.c Again, this is another reason why this narration is a lie and did not even exist at the time of Abu Bakr. It must have been concocted during the despotic reign of Mua'awiya.

  8. If the prophet wanted the Muslims to follow Abu Bakr and Umar, then He would have gathered all the Muslims, as many as he could and made it publicly in order to avoid any seditions, JUST LIKE HE DID AT GHADEER KHUM. HE DID NOT EVEN UTTER THIS NARRATION AT THIS OCCASION!

  9. As for those who use this narration to justify the caliphate of Abu Bakr, I already mentioned that neither Abu Bakr nor Umar used this narration to justify their position against the Ansars, neither one of them used this narration to justify their position against the opposition led by Ahlul Bayt in Medina, and when Abu Bakr was on the virge of dying, he said:
    I wished I asked the prophet about the owner of this matter (the caliphate) so that no one challenges that owner. I wished I had asked him whether the Ansars had some right in this matter.
    وددت أني سألت رسول الله لمن هذا الأمر، فلا ينازعه أحد، وددت أني كنت سألت: هل للأنصار في هذا الأمر نصيب

    Has Abu Bakr so quickly forgot about Ghadeer Khum?? Has he forgotten who the prophet appointed as his successor? Has he not seen the prophet lifting the hand of Ali and then appointed him as the Mawla of all believers?? Was he not one of those who came to congratulate Ali?? Ali kept justifying his right to this caliphate from the beginning using many narrations, including the sermon of Ghadeer Khum. Is this what has become of one of the closest companions of the prophet??

Clearly, there are many logical reasons why this narration does no make sense if you claim that the prophet commanded us to adhere to Abu Bakr and Umar in the matter of religion. The Thaqalayn are the only two things to follow when it comes to religion, straight path, salvation and Heaven in order for us not to stray.

Now, could it be that this narration truly came from the prophet but was taken out of context? Could the prophet have uttered this during a particular situation?? This is a fair possibility. This would explain lots of things. It would explain why only few companions knew about it, why it was never used by Abu Bakr and Umar during al-Saqifah or any moment during their caliphate and why many companions confronted the caliphate of Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr and Umar never used it to support their cause because they knew it was relevant to a particular situation, which they probably forgot about. It was never intended to mean anything else, as the Sunnis use it to justify the caliphate of Abu Bakr and Umar. Bottom line is this narration of the prophet could have been taken out of context.

One more thing: in some versions of this narration (as listed above), there is a mention about adhering to the guidance of Ammar ibn Yassir. This means the prophet also ordered to follow the way of Ammar. There is no problem with following Ammar ibn Yassir because he was a true believer who adhered all his life to the prophet and Ahlul Bayt, as many narrations show:

The prophet said: "O Ammar, if you see Ali go one way and the people go another way, you should follow Ali and leave the people. Ali will never misguide you. O Ammar, obedience to Ali is obedience to me and obedience to me is obedience to Allah."
يا عمار! إن رأيت عليا قد سلك واديا وسلك الناس واديا غيره فاسلك مع علي ودع الناس، إنه لن يدلك على ردي ولن يخرجك من الهدى
(الديلمي - عن عمار بن ياسر وعن أبي أيوب).
     Kanz al-U'ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, vol 11, #32972 (المجلد الحادي عشر >> تتمة الإكمال من فضائل علي رضي الله عنه)

Ata Ibn Yasar narrated that a certain person came to Aisha and began to use impudent and abusive words for Ali while Ammar, was in her presence. She said to him: "As regards Ali, I have nothing to tell you, but as regards Ammar, I have heard the Messenger of Allah saying about him that if he has to make a choice between two things he will always choose that which is better from the point of view of good guidance and salvation."
Sunni References:
     Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal: v6, p113 [entire book: p1855, #25331]

Abdullah b. Mulayl narrated that he heard Ali said: "The Messenger of Allah also said: 'Every prophet was given by God seven righteous companions. I was given fourteen righteous companions". He included in them Ali, al-Hasan, al-Husain, Hamza, Ja'far, Ammar Ibn Yasir, Abu Dhar, Miqdad, and Salman'"
Sunni References:
     Fada'il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2, Traditions #109, #277
     Sahih al-Tirmidhi, v5, p329, p662
     al-Kabir, by al-Tabarani, v6, p264, p265
     Hilyatul Awliya', by Abu Nu'aym, v1, p128

Narrated 'Ikrima: that Ibn 'Abbas told him and 'Ali bin 'Abdullah to go to Abu Said and listen to some of his narrations; So they both went (and saw) Abu Said and his brother irrigating a garden belonging to them. When he saw them, he came up to them and sat down with his legs drawn up and wrapped in his garment and said, "(During the construction of the mosque of the Prophet) we carried the adobe of the mosque, one brick at a time while 'Ammar used to carry two at a time. The Prophet passed by 'Ammar and removed the dust off his head and said, "May Allah be merciful to 'Ammar. He will be killed by a rebellious aggressive group. 'Ammar will invite them to (obey) Allah and they will invite him to the (Hell) fire."
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 52, Number 67, Book: al-Jihaad; Page 594, #2812 (Arabic version)

On the day of al-Shura (the day the third caliph had to be selected), Ammar told Abdul Rahman ibn Awf:

If you do not want the people to differ, then pledge allegiance to Ali.
إن أردت أن لا يختلف المسلمون فبايع علياً

After Uthman was selected as the third caliph, Ammar said (as reported by al-Masu'udi in Muruj al-Dhahab):

يا معشر قريش، أمّا إذا صدفتم هذا الأمر عن أهل بيت نبييكم هاهنا مرة هاهنا مرة، فما أنا بآمن من أن ينزعه الله فيضعه في غيركم كما نزعتموه من أهله ووضعتموه في غير أهله

This is why following Ammar is guidance. However, here is the problem: Ammar disapproved the caliphate of Abu Bakr and rejected it! He was one of the supporters of Ali since the demise of the prophet. If following Ammar is guidance and Ammar disagreed with the action of Abu Bakr regarding the caliphate, does this not mean that the caliphate of Abu Bakr is illegitimate?? Does this not mean that the hadith under discussion is out of context and therefore has nothing to do with the caliphate of Abu Bakr or Umar?? Read your history books! In fact the hadith contradicts itself. Because adhering to Abu Bakr and Umar on one side and adhering to Ammar on the other is a contradiction since Ammar did not follow the path of Abu Bakr and Umar but he followed and clung to Ali like many other companions like salman al-Farisi, Abu Dharr, ibn Abbas, ibn Masu'ud, Jabir ibn Abdullah al-Ansari, etc.

As for Abdullah ibn Masu'ud, according to the narration, the prophet said to believe his narration of Hadith:

وإذا حدثكم ابن اُمّ عبد فصدقوه

Abdullah ibn Masu'ud was another companion, loyal to the prophet and his Ahlul Bayt. Abdullah ibn Masu'ud was disallowed to narration from the Hadith by Umar during his reign (as discussed in the paper dealing with the history of Hadith), he was beaten up during the reign of Uthman under his orders because he voiced his opposition to Uthman's giving the corrupt Banu Umayya the property of the Muslims without accounting for it.

I hope my point is made. Also please read the paper discussing the narration about the rightly guided caliphs.

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