Umar ibn al-Khattab: Introduction
This chapter constains a list of authentic facts which, as a whole, depicts the true image of the second caliph before and after the demise of the prophet. This list includes his deplorable deeds and innovations. Some Muslims will find these facts difficult to digest because of the spotless image they have of Umar, an image they have been fed from childhood to adulthood. The fact is that Muslims around the world, and specifically scholars, have been making excuses to justify (or deny) his innovations and misdeeds.

One of his deplorable act is the way he treated the pure members of Ahlul Bayt. He certainly did not do justice to them, as the prophet instructed his followers to do. Allah said:
Quran 4:135
O ye who believe! stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye swerve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.

Once Islamic laws are established by the prophet under the order of Allah, no one has the authority to change what Allah and His messenger have decreed. What authority did Umar have to change the laws of Allah? Changing the laws of Allah is disobeying Allah. And disobeying Allah is deviating from religion.

Quran 33:36
It is not fitting for a Believer, man or woman, when a matter has been decided by Allah and His Messenger to have any option about their decision: if any one disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he is indeed on a clearly wrong Path.

Those who interprete the Quranic texts according to their personal views and judge people according to these views have deviated from the path of the prophet and are wrongdoers. Allah said:

Quran 5:44,45,47
... If any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed, they are (no better than) Unbelievers. - ... And if any fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed, they are (No better than) wrong-doers - Let the people of the Gospel judge by what Allah hath revealed therein. If any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed, they are (no better than) those who rebel.
... - ... -

Dear reader, believe with logic and rationality. Do not believe in what people want you to believe. You ought to research these facts for your own conviction. If your knowledge about Islam is polluted, then you will also pollute the knowledge of others you share your life with. The imam of your mosque wants you to believe in the collective righteousness of the companions. But he never told you about the ahadith and narrations that condemn many of the companions for what they have innovated and done to others. Did an Imam ever tell you to go open the books of hadith to start your own research. They want to be your only source of information. This way, they control what you get. Please, if you consider yourself Muslim and respect Allah and His prophet, start your own research and inchallah, you will discover that much of your beliefs are mere allegations and not hard facts.

The following are the topics covered in this chapter:

The role if Umar at the Saqifa
His desobediance at al-Hudaybiya
His desobediance to join the detachment of Usamah of Usamah ibn Zayd ibn Haritha
The attack of the house of Fatimah al-Zahra
Angering Fatimah al-Zahra by denying her inheritance
Umar raising his voice in the presence of the prophet and disrespecting him
His prohibition to transmit Hadith
The obliteration of the Hadith
He (along with others) accused the prophet of talking nonsense when he wished to write his last will
He (along with others) prevented the prophet from writing his last will
His innovations
His lack of knowledge
The knowledge of Umar compared to that of Ali ibn Abi Talib