Companions: Competing for the pleasures of this world
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In the The turning back of the companions section, we have seen the traditions of the prophet about how the companions will turn their backs from Islam after his demise. Haven't they indeed turned back on their heels by attacking the house of the prophet's household? Haven't they denied the prophet's household inheritance? Haven't they stolen the right of caliphate from Imam Ali? Haven't they made changes to the traditions of the prophet? Haven't they raised wars against Imam Ali and ahlul bayt (one example is the battle of the camel led by the mother of believers, Aisha)? As hard as it is to believe, the first two caliphs ordered the burning every written prophetic sunnah! Aren't these enough to state that the companions did not remain faithful neither to their religion nor to their prophet. They have plainly deviated from the right path. They have indeed cut the throats of one another.

The next few hadiths show that the prophet warned his companions not to fight with one another for the wordly things, thus forgetting the teachings of their prophet.

Narrated 'Uqba bin 'Amir: One day the Prophet went out and offered the funeral prayers of the martyrs of Uhud and then went up the pulpit and said, "I will pave the way for you as your predecessor and will be a witness on you. By Allah! I see my Fount (Kauthar) just now and I have been given the keys of all the treasures of the earth (or the keys of the earth). By Allah! I am not afraid that you will worship others along with Allah after my death, but I am afraid that you will fight with one another for the worldly things."
حدثنا عبد الله بن يوسف: حدثنا الليث: حدثني يزيد بن أبي حبيب، عن أبي الخير، عن عقبة بن عامر: أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم خرج يوما، فصلى على أهل أحد صلاته على الميت، ثم انصرف إلى المنبر فقال: (إني فرط لكم، وأنا شهيد عليكم، وإني والله لأنظر إلى حوضي الآن، وإني أعطيت مفاتيح خزائن الأرض، أو مفاتيح الأرض، وإني والله ما أخاف عليكم أن تشركوا بعدي، ولكن أخاف عليكم أن تنافسوا فيها)
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 23, Number 428 - Funerals (al-Janaa'iz); Page 282, Number 1344 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 757, Number 3596, Book: al-Manaqib - (Arabic version)

Narrated 'Uqba bin 'Amr: The Prophet once came out and offered the funeral prayer for the martyrs of Uhud, and proceeded to the pulpit and said, "I shall be your predecessor and a witness on you, and I am really looking at my sacred Fount now, and no doubt, I have been given the keys of the treasures of the world. By Allah, I am not afraid that you will worship others along with Allah, but I am afraid that you will envy and fight one another for worldly fortunes."
Reference:
      Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 795 - Virtues and Merits of the Prophet and his Companions - (English version)

Narrated Uqba bin Amir:
Allah's Apostle offered the funeral prayers of the martyrs of Uhud eight years after (their death), as if bidding farewell to the living and the dead, then he ascended the pulpit and said, "I am your predecessor before you, and I am a witness on you, and your promised place to meet me will be Al-Haud (i.e. the Tank) (on the Day of Resurrection), and I am (now) looking at it from this place of mine. I am not afraid that you will worship others besides Allah, but I am afraid that worldly life will tempt you and cause you to compete with each other for it." That was the last look which I cast on Allah's Apostle.
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, Number 374, Book: al-Maghaazi; Page 847, Number 4042 (Arabic version)

Narrated Uqba: One day the Prophet went out and offered the (funeral) prayer for the people (i.e. martyrs) of Uhud as he used to offer a funeral prayer for any dead person, and then (after returning) he ascended the pulpit and said, "I am your predecessor before you, and I am a witness upon you, and I am looking at my Tank just now, and I have been given the keys of the treasures of the world (or the keys of the world). By Allah, I am not afraid that you will worship others besides Allah after me, but I am afraid that you will compete with each other for (the pleasures of) this world."
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, Number 411, Book: al-Maghaazi; Page 855, Number 4085 (Arabic version)

Narrated 'Uqba bin 'Amir: The Prophet went out and offered the funeral prayer for the martyrs of the (battle of) Uhud and then ascended the pulpit and said, "I am your predecessor and I am a witness against you. By Allah, I am now looking at my Tank-lake (Al-Kauthar) and I have been given the keys of the treasures of the earth (or the keys of the earth). By Allah! I am not afraid that after me you will worship others besides Allah, but I am afraid that you will start competing for (the pleasures of) this world."
References:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 76, Number 434, Book: al-Riqaq; Page 1369, Number 6426 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 1397, Number 6590, Book: al-Riqaq (Arabic version)

Uqba b. 'Amir reported that Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) one day went out and he offered prayer over the martyrs of Uhud just as prayer is offered over the dead. He then came back and sat on pulpit and said: I shall be present there (at the Cistern) before you. I shall be your witness and, by Allah, I perceive as if I am seeing with my own eyes my Cistern at this very state and I have been given the keys of the treasures of the earth or the keys of the earth and, by Allah, I am not afraid concerning you that you would associate anything (with Allah after me), but I am afraid that you would be vying with one another (for the possession of) the treasures of the earth.
References:
     Sahih Muslim, Book 030, Number 5688, Chapter 9, Kitab al-Fada'il; Page 903, Number 2296-30 (Arabic version)

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