Companions: Many renegaded after the prophet left
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The prophet warned how the a group of companions would turn their back to religion. The Quran also gave the same warning:
Quran 3:144
"And Muhammad is no more than a messenger, the messengers have already passed away before him, if then he dies or is killed, will you turn back upon your heels? And whoever turns back upon his heels, he will by no means do harm to Allah in the least, and Allah will reward the grateful." Allah, the Great, has told the truth.

Here are some authentic narrations that confirm the turning back of the companions. These traditions are also known as hadith al-Hawdd:

Narrated Ibn Abbas: The Prophet said, "You will be gathered (on the Day of Judgment), bare-footed, naked and not circumcised." He then recited: 'As We began the first creation, We, shall repeat it: A Promise We have undertaken: Truly we shall do it.' (21.104) He added, "The first to be dressed on the Day of Resurrection, will be Abraham, and some of my companions will be taken towards the left side (i.e. to the (Hell) Fire), and I will say: 'My companions! My companions!' It will be said: 'They renegaded from Islam after you left them.' Then I will say as the Pious slave of Allah (i.e. Jesus) said. 'And I was a witness Over them while I dwelt amongst them. When You took me up You were the Watcher over them, And You are a witness to all things. If You punish them. They are Your slaves And if You forgive them, Verily you, only You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise." (5.117-118)
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References:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 568, Book: Ahadith al-Anbiya'

Narrted Ibn Abbas: Allah's Apostle said, "You will be resurrected (and assembled) bare-footed, naked and uncircumcised." The Prophet then recited the Divine Verse:-- "As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it: A promise We have undertaken. Truly we shall do it." (21.104)
He added, "The first to be dressed will be Abraham. Then some of my companions will take to the right and to the left. I will say: 'My companions! 'It will be said, 'They had been renegades since you left them.' I will then say what the Pious Slave Jesus, the son of Mary said: 'And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them; when You did take me up, You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. If You punish them, they are Your slaves, and if you forgive them, You, only You are the All-Mighty the All-Wise.' " (5.117-118) Narrated Qubayssa, "Those were the apostates who renegaded from Islam during the Caliphate of Abu Bakr who fought them".
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References:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 656, Book: Ahadith al-Anbiya'

Narrated Ibn Abbas: Allah's Apostle delivered a sermon and said, "O people! You will be gathered before Allah bare-footed, naked and not circumcised." Then (quoting Quran) he said: "As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it. A promise We have undertaken: Truly we shall do it.." (21.104)
The Prophet then said, "The first of the human beings to be dressed on the Day of Resurrection, will be Abraham. Lo! Some men from my followers will be brought and then will drive them to the left side (Hell-Fire). I will say. 'O my Lord! (They are) my companions!' Then a reply will come (from Almighty), 'You do not know what they did after you.' I will say as the pious slave (the Prophet Jesus) said: And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them. When You took me up. You were the Watcher over them and You are a Witness to all things.' (5.117) Then it will be said, "These people have continued to be apostates since you left them."
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References:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 149, Book: Tafseer of The Prophet (#4349 in online book);
     #6161 Online Arabic book in Kitab al-Riqaq
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 264, Book: Tafseer of The Prophet ();

Narrated Ibn Abbas: The Prophet said, "You will be gathered (on the Day of Resurrection) and some people will be driven to the left side (and taken to Hell) whereupon I will say as the pious slave (Jesus) said:-- "And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them...the ALMIGHTY, the All Wise." (5.117-118)
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References:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 150, Book: Tafseer of The Prophet;

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "While I was sleeping, a group (of my followers were brought close to me), and when I recognized them, a man came out from amongst (us) me and them, he said (to them), 'Come along.' I asked, 'Where?' He said, 'To the (Hell) Fire, by Allah' I asked, 'what is wrong with them' He said, 'They turned apostates after you left.' Then behold! (Another) group (of my followers) were brought close to me, and when I recognized them, a man came out from (me and them) he said (to them); Come along.' I asked, "Where?' He said, 'To the (Hell) Fire, by Allah.' I asked, What is wrong with them?' He said, 'They turned apostate as renegades after you left. So I did not see anyone of them escaping except a few who were like camels without a shepherd."

References:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 76, Number 587, Book: ar-Riqaq;

Sahih al-Bukhari, In-book reference: Book 81, Hadith 173

Abu Huraira narrated that the Prophet said: "On the Day of Resurrection a group of companions will come to me, but will be driven away from the Lake-Fount, and I will say, 'O Lord (those are) my companions!' It will be said, 'You have no knowledge as to what they innovated after you left; they turned apostate as renegades (reverted from Islam).
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Sahih al-Bukhari, In-book reference: Book 81, Hadith 174
Narrated Ibn Al-Musaiyab: The companions of the Prophet said, "Some men from my companions will come to my Lake-Fount and they will be driven away from it, and I will say, 'O Lord, my companions!' It will be said, 'You have no knowledge of what they innovated after you left: they turned apostate as renegades (reverted from Islam).
" . ". . . .

Narrated Asma 'bint Abu Bakr: The Prophet said, "I will be standing at the Lake-Fount so that I will see whom among you will come to me; and some people will be taken away from me, and I will say, 'O Lord, (they are) from me and from my followers.' Then it will be said, 'Did you notice what they did after you? By Allah, they kept on turning on their heels (turned as renegades).' " The sub-narrator, Ibn Abi Mulaika said, "O Allah, we seek refuge with You from turning on our heels, or being put to trial in our religion."
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References:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 76, Number 592, Book: Ar-Riqaq; Page 1397, Number 6593 (Arabic version)

Narrated Asma': The Prophet said, "I will be at my Lake-Fount (Kauthar) waiting for whoever will come to me. Then some people will be taken away from me whereupon I will say, 'My followers!' It will be said, 'You do not know they turned Apostates as renegades (deserted their religion).'" (Ibn Abi Mulaika said, "Allah, we seek refuge with You from turning on our heels from the (Islamic) religion and from being put to trial").
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References:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 88, Number 172, Book: al-Fitan; Page 1489, Number 7048 (Arabic version)

Abdullah b. 'Amr al-'As, reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: My Cistern (is as wide and broad that it requires) a motith's journey (to go round it) all, and its sides are equal and its water is whiter than silver, and its odour is more fragrant than the fragrance of musk, and its jugs (placed round it) are like stars in the sky; and he who would drink from it would never feel thirsty after that. Asma', daughter of Abu Bakr said: Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: I would be on the Cistern and so that I would be seeing those who would be coming to me from you, but some people would be detained (before reaching me). I would say: My Lord, they are my followers and belong to my Umma, and it would be said to me: Do you know what they did after you? By Allah, they did not do good after you, and they turned back upon their heels. He (the narrator) said: lbn Abu Mulaika used to say (in supplication): O Allah, I seek refuge with Thee that we should turn back upon our heels or put to any trial about our religion.
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References:
     Sahih Muslim, Book 030, Number 5684, Chapter 9, Book: Kitab al-Fada'il; Page 902, Number 2293 (Arabic version)

'A'isha reported: I heard Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) say in the company of his Companions: I would be on the Cistern waiting for those who would be coming to me from amongst you. By Allah, some persons would be prevented from coming to me, and I would say: My Lord, they are my followers and people of my Umma. And He would say,: You don't know what they did after you; they had been constantly turning back on their heels (from their religion).
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References:
     Sahih Muslim, Book 030, Number 5685, Chapter 9, Book: Kitab al-Fada'il; Page 902, Number 2294-28 (Arabic version)

These traditions show that the prophet was surprised to see these companions taken away from him. His surprise proves that these companions were not the hypocrites known to the prophet. Otherwise, the prophet would not have been so surprised. Moreover, what further proves this point is what the Lord told the prophet: You don't know what they did after you...You do not know they turned Apostates as renegades...They renegaded from Islam after you left them... They were companions who had embraced Islam and went astray after the demise of the prophet.

Knowing that, how can all companions be righteous, just and trustworthy? As for the number of companions who deviated, let's remember those who fought imam Ali (a member of the purified Ahlul Bayt) in the battles of Nahrawan, Jamal and Siffin, and let's remember the repercussions of fighting Ahlul Bayt. There is really no need to say more.

Al-Bayhaqi reported the following narration:

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Based on the above narration, those companions that renegaded are quite a few, as I have already stated above.

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'n-Nadr, the mawla of Umar ibn Ubaydullah that he had heard that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said over the martyrs of Uhud, "I testify for them." Abu Bakr as-Siddiq said, "Messenger of Allah! Are we not their brothers? We entered Islam as they entered Islam and we did jihad as they did jihad." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Yes, but I do not know what you will do after me." Abu Bakr wept profusely and said, "Are we really going to out-live you!"
Reference:
     Muwatta Malik, Book 21, Number 21.14.32, Book of Jihad; English version, Arabic version

As you will also discover, these companions we are talking about introduced innovations into Islam. They have changed and distorted the Sunnah of the prophet! They have even changed the prayers! Yes, you will be surprised and heart-broken. Here are some of these narrations from Sahih al-Bukhari:

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There are more of these narrations here...

Furthermore, read the following narrations:

Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: The Prophet said, "You will follow the ways of those nations who were before you, span by span and cubit by cubit (i.e., inch by inch) so much so that even if they entered a hole of a mastigure, you would follow them." We said, "O Allah's Apostle! (Do you mean) the Jews and the Christians?" He said, "Whom else?"
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References:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 92, Number 422, Book: Holding Fast to the Quran and Sunnah; Page 1539, Number 7320 (Arabic version)

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: You would tread the same path as was trodden by those before you inch by inch and step by step so much so that if they had entered into the hole of the lizard, you would follow them in this also. We said: Allah's Messenger, do you mean Jews and Christians (by your words)" those before you"? He said: Who else (than those two religious groups)?
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References:
     Sahih Muslim, Book 34, Number 6448, Chapter 3, The Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-`Ilm); Page 1029, Number 2669 (Arabic version)

What does this mean? The Ummah will follow the path of the Jews and Christians. The path of fabrications, distortions, innovations and discension! Such were the sayings of the prophet who speaks but the truth. Not only has the prophet foretold the future path of the companions, but the companions testified to their misdeeds.

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