Companions: The companions in the Quran (part 2)
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Among the companions were those with a desease in their hearts. They claimed that they have believed, but they are not at all believers. Allah condemned these people:
Quran 2:8-10
"And there are some people who say: We believe in Allah and the last day; and they are not at all believers. They desire to deceive Allah and those who believe, and they deceive only themselves and they do not perceive. There is a disease in their hearts, so Allah added to their disease and they shall have a painful chastisement because they lied."
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There is no excuse for anyone to turn his back to religion when the prophet dies. It is reported that the below verse was revealed to reprimand those who fled the battlefield when they heard that the prophet was killed during the battle of Uhud. It is obvious that these companions had weak faith. Otherwise, they would have stayed in the battlefield to do Jihad to defend the cause of Allah and continue to spread His message.
Quran 3:144
And Muhammad is no more than a messenger; the messengers have already passed away before him; if then he dies or is killed will you turn back upon your heels? And whoever turns back upon his heels, he will by no means do harm to Allah in the least and Allah will reward the grateful.

Quran 4:60-62
"Have you not seen those who assert that they believe in what has been revealed to you and what was revealed before you? They desire to summon one another to the judgment of the Shaitan, though they were commanded to deny him, and the Shaitan desires to lead them astray into a remote error. And when it is said to them: Come to what Allah has revealed and to the Messenger, you will see the hypocrites turning away from you with (utter) aversion. But how will it be when misfortune befalls them on account of what their hands have sent before? Then they will come to you swearing by Allah: We did not desire (anything) but good and concord."
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Quran 4:81
And they say: Obedience. But when they go out from your presence, a party of them decide by night upon doing otherwise than what you say; and Allah writes down what they decide by night, therefore turn aside from them and trust in Allah, and Allah is sufficient as a protector.

Here is a verse that clearly shows that the companions are not all of equal rank:
Quran 4:95
Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and receive no hurt, and those who strive and fight in the cause of Allah with their goods and their persons. Allah hath granted a grade higher to those who strive and fight with their goods and persons than to those who sit (at home). Unto all (in Faith) Hath Allah promised good: But those who strive and fight Hath He distinguished above those who sit (at home) by a special reward,
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Clearly, there are those believers who were passive (stayed at home) and there are those who were active through fighting for the message and everything they had. These companions have a higher status than those the passive ones. So don't lie to us that all companions are all equal and righteous! Those who stayed at home have a shallow and weak faith and are likely the same ones Allah reprimanded in aforementioned verse 57:16.

Quran 4:142
"Surely the hypocrites strive to deceive Allah, and He shall requite their deceit to them, and when they stand up to prayer they stand up sluggishly; they do it only to be seen of men and do not remember Allah save a little."

Quran 5:54
"O you who believe! whoever from among you turns back from his religion, then Allah will bring a people, He shall love them and they shall love Him, lowly before the believers, mighty against the unbelievers, they shall strive hard in Allah's way and shall not fear the censure of any censurer; this is Allah's Face, He gives it to whom He pleases, and Allah is Ample-giving, Knowing."

Quran 8:5-6
"Just as thy Lord ordered thee out of thy house in truth, even though a party among the Believers disliked it, Disputing with thee concerning the truth after it was made manifest, as if they were being driven to death and they (actually) saw it."

Quran 8:24-25
"O ye who believe! give your response to Allah and His Messenger, when He calleth you to that which will give you life; and know that Allah cometh in between a man and his heart, and that it is He to Whom ye shall (all) be gathered. And fear tumult or oppression, which affecteth not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong: and know that Allah is strict in punishment."

Quran 8:27-28
"O ye who believe! Betray not Allah and His messenger, nor knowingly betray your trusts. And know that your possessions and your children are a test, and that with Allah is immense reward."

Quran 9:38-39
"O you who believe! What (excuse) have you that when it is said to you: Go forth in Allah's way, you should incline heavily to earth; are you contented with this world's life instead of the hereafter? But the provision of this world's life compared with the hereafter is but little. If you do not go forth, He will chastise you with a painful chastisement and bring in your place a people other than you, and you will do Him no harm; and Allah has power over all things."

Quran 9:47
"If they had come out with you, they would not have added to your (strength) but only (made for) disorder, hurrying to and fro in your midst and sowing sedition among you, and there would have been some among you who would have listened to them. But Allah knoweth well those who do wrong."

Quran 9:53-54
Say: Spend willingly or unwillingly, it shall not be accepted from you; surely you are a transgressing people - And nothing hinders their spendings being accepted from them, except that they disbelieve in Allah and in His Messenger and they do not come to prayer but while they are sluggish, and they do not spend but while they are unwilling.

Quran 9:58
"And of them there are those who blame you with respect to the alms; so if they are given from it they are pleased, and if they are not given from it, lo! they are full of rage."

Quran 9:61
"And there are some of them who molest the Prophet and say: He is one who believes every thing that he hears; say: A hearer of good for you (who) believes in Allah and believes the faithful and a mercy for those of you who believe; and (as for) those who molest the Messenger of Allah, they shall have a painful punishment."

Quran 9:73
O Prophet! strive hard against the unbelievers and the hypocrites and be unyielding to them; and their abode is hell, and evil is the destination.

Quran 9:74-75
They swear by Allah that they said nothing (wrong), yet they did say the word of disbelief, and did disbelieve after their Surrender (to Allah). And they purposed that which they could not attain, and they sought revenge only that Allah by His messenger should enrich them of His bounty. If they repent it will be better for them; and if they turn away, Allah will afflict them with a painful doom in the world and the Hereafter, and they have no protecting friend nor helper in the earth. - And there are those of them who made a covenant with Allah: If He give us out of His grace, we will certainly give alms and we will certainly be of the good.

Quran 9:76-77
"But when He gave them out of His grace, they became niggardly of it and they turned back and they withdrew. So He made hypocrisy to follow as a consequence into their hearts till the day when they shall meet Him because they failed to perform towards Allah what they had promised with Him and because they told lies."

Quran 9:81
"Those who were left behind (in the Tabuk expedition) rejoiced in their inaction behind the back of the Messenger of Allah: they hated to strive and fight, with their goods and their persons, in the cause of Allah: they said, "Go not forth in the heat." Say, "The fire of Hell is fiercer in heat." If only they could understand!"

Quran 9:97
"The dwellers of the desert are very hard in unbelief and hypocrisy, and more disposed not to know the limits of what Allah has revealed to His Messenger; and Allah is Knowing, Wise."

Quran 9:101
"And among those around you of the wandering Arabs there are hypocrites, and among the townspeople of Al-Madinah (there are some who) persist in hypocrisy whom thou (O Muhammad) knowest not. We, We know them, and We shall chastise them twice; then they will be relegated to a painful doom."

This is another verse used to support that claim that all the companions will be in Heaven and that they should not be criticized:
Quran 9:117
Allah turned with favour to the Prophet, the Muhajirs, and the Ansar,- who followed him in a time of distress, after that the hearts of a part of them had nearly swerved (from duty); but He turned to them (also): for He is unto them Most Kind, Most Merciful. (He turned in mercy also) to the three who were left behind; (they felt guilty) to such a degree that the earth seemed constrained to them, for all its spaciousness, and their (very) souls seemed straitened to them,- and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah (and no refuge) but to Himself. Then He turned to them, that they might repent: for Allah is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.
? {117} ? ? {118}

First, the people being addressed here are the Emigrants (al-Muhajireen) and the Helpers (a-Ansar). All of the people who joined the prophet at a later stage are left out of this verse (see verse 9:100). So it is not true to say that all the companions are being addressed in this verse.

Second, there is nothing explicit or implicit about not criticizing the companions. No need to elaborate here.

Third, this verse is referring to the military expedition of Tabuk which did not result in a confrontation against the Roman army because there was no Roman army at the Syrian border. The expedition consisted of 30 thousand soldiers. If we say the al-Muhajireen and a-Ansar were around 5000 people (based on historical records), so the remaining people amount to 25 thousand. In this verse, Allah accepted the repentance of the prophet, Muhajireen and Ansar and those from among them who nearly swerved from their duty. Why not the others?? Did they not deserve Allah's favor on them?
Fourth, when Allah accepts the repentance of someone, does it mean this person will go to Heaven? Is granted repentance the final stamp to enter Heaven? Of course not. The repented is still bound to the Law and conditions for being accepted in Heaven. How many times Allah has accepted the repentance of some and these same people strayed back to darkness? Read the following verse:
Quran 5:71
They thought there would be no trial (or punishment); so they became blind and deaf; yet Allah (in mercy) turned to them; yet again many of them became blind and deaf. But Allah sees well all that they do.
So it is not because someone received Allah's repentance that his abode is Heaven. This is a misconception. It means Allah is giving you a second chance to straighten yourself according to His teachings. It is up to you to take that second chance or to waste it.

Fifth, verse 9:118 explains that three of the soldiers swerved and actually did not join the army. These three are from the Ansar: Ka-ab ibn Malik, Hilal ibn Umayyah and Mirara ibn Rabi. How about the remaining of the army? Did they not deserve the divine repentance like the others? Was their intention different?? Some fight to please Allah and His Messenger while others fight for the booty, for the worldy things! Allah knows what their intention was.

Among the companions were those hypocrites who built Masjid al-Dirar to disunite the believers. The Mosque was later demolished by the Prophet on his return from Tabuk.
Quran 9:107
And there are those who put up a mosque by way of mischief and infidelity - to disunite the Believers - and in preparation for one who warred against Allah and His Messenger aforetime. They will indeed swear that their intention is nothing but good; But Allah doth declare that they are certainly liars.
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Another verse where Allah reprimands the companions during the battle of al-Khandaq (year 5 of Hijra). It shows how scared they were from the enemy, especially from the fiercest warrior of the enemy, Amr ibn Abd Wudd. The Quran describes their fear as: when the eyes turned dull, and the hearts rose up to the throats. Amr challenged the Muslims for duels, but no one dared to answer to it but Imam Ali, a young man at the time. No other man (from among 3000 soldiers) was courageous enough or ready to give his life to Allah and His Messenger. Amr challenged the Muslim army 3 times, and it was only Imam Ali who responded to it every time. The prophet restrained Imam Ali the first 2 times. On the third one, Imam Ali asked for the prophet's permission to fight Amr. It was granted. So don't come and tell me that all the companions can be ranked equally! So tell me, how strong was their faith during that time?? Was it strong enough to accept the challenge of Amr?? Yes, a lot of them were believers, but how strong was their Iman?
Quran 33:10-13
[10] When they came upon you from above you and from below you, and when the eyes turned dull, and the hearts rose up to the throats, and you began to think diverse thoughts of Allah. [11] There the believers were tried and they were shaken with severe shaking. [12] And when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts was a disease began to say: Allah and His Messenger did not promise us (victory) but only to deceive. And when a party of them said: O people of Yasrib! there IS no place to stand for you (here), therefore go back; and a party of them asked permission of the prophet, saying. Surely our houses are exposed; and they were not exposed; they only desired to fly away.
{10} {11} {12} ? ? {13}

Moreover, within the prophet's army were hypocrites and others who in their hearts was a desease, and both groups accused the prophet of deception! Yes, these were from among the companions of the prophet, whom you easily put in one basket, considering them all equal! These people tried to dissolve the army of the prophet by dissuading them to go back to their home under a false excuse. But who do they think they are lying to?? The Quran exposed their deceiving plan.

Ok, what about in the battle of Hunayn, which took place in year 8 of Hijra and with an army made of 12 thousand warriors. We all know that the large majority of the companions fled the battlefield, despite their number. Please refer to the battle of Hunain.
Quran 9:25
[25] Certainly Allah helped you in many battlefields and on the day of Hunain, when your great numbers made you vain, but they availed you nothing and the earth became strait to you notwithstanding its spaciousness, then you turned back retreating. [26] Then Allah sent down His tranquillity upon His Messenger and upon the believers, and sent down hosts which you did not see, and chastised those who disbelieved, and that is the reward of the unbelievers. [27] Then will Allah after this turn (mercifully) to whom He pleases, and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
? ? {25} ? ? ? {26} ? ? ? {27}

Here Allah is reprimanding the companions for being stingy:
Quran 47:38
"Behold! you are those who are called upon to spend in Allah's way, but among you are those who are niggardly, and whoever is niggardly is niggardly against his own soul; and Allah is Self-sufficient and you have need (of Him), and if you turn back He will bring in your place another people, then they will not be like you."

Is this why Allah reprimanded the companions in verse 57:10 as they did not spend in the way of Allah?

Quran 48:11
"Those of the dwellers of the desert who were left behind will say to you: Our property and our families kept us busy, so ask forgiveness for us. They say with their tongues what is not in their hearts. Say: Then who can control anything for you from Allah if He intends to do you harm or if He intends to do you good; nay, Allah is Aware of what you do."

The desert Arabs in the following verse have seen the prophet and said to him that they believed. These people are considered companions of the prophet according to the Muhadditheen (traditionists). However, Allah rejected their claim of being believers and told them not to say they believed because they had no faith, but that they submitted their will to Allah. What did these people lack to be believers?? They did not obey Allah and His Messenger.
Quran 49:14
[14] "The desert Arabs say, "We believe." Say, "Ye have no faith; but ye (only)say, 'We have submitted our wills to Allah,' For not yet has Faith entered your hearts. But if ye obey Allah and His Messenger, He will not belittle aught of your deeds: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [15] Only those are Believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, and have never since doubted, but have striven with their belongings and their persons in the Cause of Allah: Such are the sincere ones."
(14) ( 15 )

Therefore it is not enough to state that you are a believer while there is no faith in your heart to support such claim. The matter of belief is not tied to a simple verbal testimony but to what is in the heart of those making such claim! Only Allah knows what is in the heart. Verse 15 explains the definition of a believer: those who believed in Allah and His Messenger and have never since doubted them (which is tied whether they continue walking the right path or stray away at a later stage of their life), and have striven with their belongings and their persons in the Cause of Allah. Allah further described them as the Sadiqoon. How many more of such inviduals converted to Islam after the conquest of Macca without faith in their heart? These are the people who resisted the message of the Messenger and fought him and his followers most of their lives, and you come and tell me that these people are as good that the oneswho had faith in their heart???

Having said that, is it possible to believe that all the companions are stars we must cling to (this verse invalidates such narration) or that they are all just or equal or all will be in Heaven??? Does not this verse nullify such view, which is unfortunately upheld by many Sunni (scholars and mainstream)??

Also according to the same verse, the type of companionship that infers praiseworthiness and respect are those described in verse 49:15. Such companions who had faith in their hearts and never doubted Allah and His messenger, fought for the divine message with all they had, and continued to carry on all of these, are the ones worth remembering, praising and taking pride in. So these Arabs who claimed to be believers not only are not considered believers, but also they are considered the sincere ones (al-Sadiqoon). Are you going to tell me that the one who Allah described in verse 14 is equal to the one Allah described in verse 15. Allah has clearly made a distinction between these two type of individuals.

Quran 49:17
"They impress on thee as a favour that they have embraced Islam. Say, "Count not your Islam as a favour upon me: Nay, Allah has conferred a favour upon you that He has guided you to the faith, if ye be true and sincere."

Some use the following verse, in bold, to justify that all the companions are righteous and that they will be in Heaven (which has been refuted in the previous page):

Quran 57:10
And what cause have ye why ye should not spend in the cause of Allah?- For to Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth. Not equal among you are those who spent (freely) and fought, before the Victory, (with those who did so later). Those are higher in rank than those who spent (freely) and fought afterwards. But to all has Allah promised a goodly (reward). And Allah is well acquainted with all that ye do.
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They argue that according to the verse(the portion that they recite), those who fought for the message of the prophet, whether before the Victory (al-Hudaybiyah) or after, are all promised Heaven. However, when you start from the beginning of the verse, you realize that Allah is reprimanding a group of the companions because they did not spend in the cause of Allah. So according to the verse, when read fully, those who spent in the way of Allah are the ones who were promised a great reward. So Allah has excluded all the companions who did not spend in the way of Allah and did not fight for the message of His prophet. Moreover, and this point was made in the previous page, the companions who spent and fought before the al-Hudaybiya have a higher rank than those who did so after. This is what Allah decreed. So don't come and tell me that they are all equal!

It is possible that these companions spent in charity, but it was not in the way of Allah. Spending in charity should not be to let others know, to boast about it or for any wordly reason. If this is the case, Allah is clearly rejecting it and not giving you credit for it:
Quran 2:264
O ye who believe! cancel not your charity by reminders of your generosity or by injury,- like those who spend their substance to be seen of men, but believe neither in Allah nor in the Last Day. They are in parable like a hard, barren rock, on which is a little soil: on it falls heavy rain, which leaves it (Just) a bare stone. They will be able to do nothing with aught they have earned. And Allah guideth not those who reject faith.
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Having said that, how do you know those companions did the charity in the way of Allah or in their way?? Who are to tell us that these companions did so and so?? This goes back to the point made in the previous section that all actions are based on our genuine intentions. A companion could have fought like a hero in a battle, but he did it to show others that he is strong or to boast about it, his efforts will go in vain.

Let's start from verse 7 through 9:
Quran 57:7-9
[7] Believe in Allah and His messenger, and spend (in charity) out of the (substance) whereof He has made you heirs. For, those of you who believe and spend (in charity),- for them is a great Reward. [8] What cause have ye why ye should not believe in Allah?- and the Messenger invites you to believe in your Lord, and has indeed taken your Covenant, if ye are men of Faith. [9] He is the One Who sends to His Servant Manifest Signs, that He may lead you from the depths of Darkness into the Light and verily Allah is to you most kind and Merciful.
? {7} ? {8} ? ? {9}

Allah has started reprimanding the companions from verse 8. First, He commanded them to believe in Him and His prophet, and to spend in charity from what they were given. These companions who do so will be given a great reward. However, did they all do that?? No, they did not. In the next verse, Allah is asking a group of the companions why they did not believe, despite the preaching of the prophet and what has been made clear to them. The prophet has been effortlessly trying to save them from their darkness, but to no avail! So not only have they not believed, but they have not spent in the way of Allahto support to the prophet. Another point to make is that this Surat was revealed after al-Hudaybiya and before the conquest of Macca, and during that time, there were about 1500 companions. So prophet was over half-way into his divine task, and we have a group of companions that neither believed nor spent in the way of Allah. This also mean that all the others that joined the prophet later are not even included in this verse. This includes Abu Sufyan, his son Mua'awiya, and their likes, who joined out of fear and not out of belief. Therefore, the companions who are being reprimanded here are the Muhajireen and the Ansars, and not all of them believed and spent in the way of Allah. So don't tell me that they are all equal and they have all been guaranteed Heaven!

So in summary, when you read the verses from 7 through 10, the picture changes to something quite different. There is a group of companions from among the Muhajireen and the Ansars who were reprimanded by Allah for neither believing nor spending in the way of Allah, despite the efforts of the prophet and the different revelations. Only these who genuinely spent in the way of Allah and truly believed were promised a great reward.

It is common knowledge that there were hypocrites from among the companions of the prophet. He knew some of them, and Allah knew them all:
Quran 9:101
"And among those around you of the wandering Arabs there are hypocrites, and among the townspeople of Al-Madinah (there are some who) persist in hypocrisy whom thou (O Muhammad) knowest not. We, We know them, and We shall chastise them twice; then they will be relegated to a painful doom."

Read how these hypocrites will ask the believers to give them some of the light:
Quran 57:13-14
[13] One Day will the Hypocrites- men and women - say to the Believers: "Wait for us! Let us borrow (a Light) from your Light!" It will be said: "Turn ye back to your rear! then seek a Light (where ye can)!" So a wall will be put up between them, with a gate therein. Within it will be Mercy throughout, and without it, all alongside, will be (Wrath and) Punishment! [14] (Those without) will call out, "Were we not with you?" (The others) will reply, "True! but ye led yourselves into temptation; ye looked forward (to our ruin); ye doubted (Allah's Promise); and (your false) desires deceived you; until there issued the Command of Allah. And the Deceiver deceived you in respect of Allah.
{13} ? ? ? ? {14}

Yes indeed, these hyprocrites were among the companions of the prophet. They pretended to believe but they did not. These are the hypocrites who wreaked havoc during the reign of Imam Ali, resulting in 3 civil wars, the persecution of Ahlul Bayt and their staunch followers, the massacre of Karbala, of Medina, the slendering of Imam Ali, etc. And these are the same hyprocrites many of the ignorant from among the Sunni respect and defend!

Allah has even reprimanded those who believed:
Quran 57:16
Has not the Time arrived for the Believers that their hearts in all humility should engage in the remembrance of Allah and of the Truth which has been revealed (to them), and that they should not become like those to whom was given Revelation aforetime, but long ages passed over them and their hearts grew hard? For many among them are rebellious transgressors.
? {16}

How long will it take the believers to fully engage in the remembrance of Allah? Remember, we are talking about the the Muhajireen and the Ansars who have been with the prophet for many years. Because of their shallow faith, Allah compared them to the Jews and Christians, who also received revelations before them, but became rebellious transgressors over time! What does it take for someone to be a strong believer? Why did these believers have weak faith?

In verse 19, Allah is now praising a higher rank of believers: the truthful ones who are the witnesses in the eyes of Allah: (al-Sadiqun):
Quran 57:19
And those who believe in Allah and His messengers- they are the Sincere (lovers of Truth), and the witnesses (who testify), in the eyes of their Lord: They shall have their Reward and their Light. But those who reject Allah and deny Our Signs,- they are the Companions of Hell-Fire.
? ? ? ? {19}

The companions of the prophet was a mix of hypocrites, weak believers and the truthful ones. Let me ask you now: how many from the Muhajireen and the Ansars fit this virtuous description? What does it take to reach this status??

In verse 20, Allah is warning the companions from the wordly things:
Quran 57:20
Know ye (all), that the life of this world is but play and amusement, pomp and mutual boasting and multiplying, (in rivalry) among yourselves, riches and children. Here is a similitude: How rain and the growth which it brings forth, delight (the hearts of) the tillers; soon it withers; thou wilt see it grow yellow; then it becomes dry and crumbles away. But in the Hereafter is a Penalty severe (for the devotees of wrong). And Forgiveness from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure (for the devotees of Allah). And what is the life of this world, but goods and chattels of deception?
? ? ? {20}

Is this why Allah reprimanded a group of the believers? Are you surprised? Don't be:
Quran 62:11
And when they see merchandise or sport they break up for It, and leave you standing. Say: What is with Allah is better than sport and (better) than merchandise, and Allah is the best of Sustainers.

Yes, these believers interrupted their prayers because their hearts were somewhere else. Who do you think stayed focus on their prayers? It is narrated that this happened three times! Please read more about it.

Why weren't some of the companions spending in the way of Allah??
Quran 57:24
Such persons as are covetous and commend covetousness to men. And if any turn back (from Allah's Way), verily Allah is Free of all Needs, Worthy of all Praise.
? {24}

Another flavor of the companions are those who believe but do not do what they say they will do. Such people are most hateful to Allah:
Quran 61:3
"O you who believe! why do you say that which you do not do? It is most hateful to Allah that you should say that which you do not do."
{2} {3}

Another verse reprimanding the hypocrites among the companions:
Quran 63:1-3
"When the hypocrites come to you, they say: We bear witness that you are most surely Allah's Messenger; and Allah knows that you are most surely His Messenger, and Allah bears witness that the hypocrites are surely liars. They make their oaths a shelter, and thus turn away from Allah's way; surely evil is that which they do. That is because they believe, then disbelieve, so a seal is set upon their hearts so that they do not understand."

- -

Quran 63:4
"And when you see them, their persons will please you, and If they speak, you will listen to their speech; (they are) as if they were big pieces of wood clad with garments; they think every cry to be against them. They are the enemy, therefore beware of them; may Allah destroy them, whence are they turned back?"

The following verse is one that is most used to justify that all companions are righteous, equal, are worth following and will all be in Heaven:
Quran 48:29
"Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those with him are firm of heart against the unbelievers, compassionate among themselves; you will see them bowing down, prostrating themselves, seeking grace from Allah and pleasure; their marks are in their faces because of the effect of prostration; that is their description in the Taurat and their description in the Injeel; like as seed-produce that puts forth its sprout, then strengthens it, so it becomes stout and stands firmly on its stem, delighting the sowers that He may enrage the unbelievers on account of them; Allah has promised those among them who believe and do good, forgiveness and a great reward."

First, Sourat (the chapter) of al-Fateh was revealed after the treaty of al-Hudaybiya (6th Hijri year), before the conquest of Macca. This means the companions being described here exclude all the individuals who converted to Islam after the conquest of Macca. Second, who were these unbelievers the believers were firm against? Were they not those who later converted to Islam after the conquest of Macca? Abu Sufyan, Mua'awiya and their likes?? Third, were all the companions compassionate among themselves? Did they not fiercely fight each others in the battles of Nahrawan, Camel and Siffin, causing the death of thousands of Muslims?? And if you assume Mua'awiya and his likes are part of this verse, were they compassionate towards the Muhajereen and Ansars?? Did they not humilate them, prosecute them and killed them during the battle of Siffin and the incident of al-Harrat (led by the murderer companion Muslim ibn Uqbah, later on known as Musref ibn Uqbat) in al-Medina?? What about the bloody and criminal incident of Karbala during which al-Hussein, his family and his companions were massacred and those who survived were humilated??

Another verse being used to justify that all companions are righteous is:
Quran 8:72
Those who believed, and adopted exile, and fought for the Faith, with their property and their persons, in the cause of Allah, as well as those who gave (them) asylum and aid,- these are (all) friends and protectors, one of another. As to those who believed but came not into exile, ye owe no duty of protection to them until they come into exile; but if they seek your aid in religion, it is your duty to help them, except against a people with whom ye have a treaty of mutual alliance. And (remember) Allah seeth all that ye do.

Surat al-Anfal was revealed during the time of Badr, which means the companions consisted of the emigrants and ansars. A group of the emigrants moved to Medina and Allah decreed that these individuals are all friends and protectors of one another. However, those companions who believed and did not emigrate to Medina do not have the protection of those who believed and emigrated! They can't even get their support and protection in the event they were attacked by a group of people who had a treaty with the ones that emigrated. How does this verse justify that all companions are righteous when Allah is not happy with their decision not to migrate, let alone those who joined Islam later out of fear or for other personal reason? Only Allah knows every ones inner intentions. Are the believers who emigrated equal in status to those who believed and did not emigrate?? According to Allah, they are clearly not equal. So on what basis are you making all the companions equal??

The following verse is connected to the one above. This verse refers to the companions who were believers but did not emigrate from Macca to Medina. During the battle of Badr, these people fought against the Muslims and as a result, died in the battlefield. Allah decreed that the abode of these companions is Hell, except those who had a valid excuse not to emigrate. So what do you have to say about this??
Quran 4:97
When angels take the souls of those who die in sin against their souls, they say: "In what (plight) Were ye?" They reply: "Weak and oppressed Were we in the earth." They say: "Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to move yourselves away (From evil)?" Such men will find their abode in Hell,- What an evil refuge! Except those who are (really) weak and oppressed - men, women, and children - who have no means in their power, nor (a guide-post) to their way. For these, there is hope that Allah will forgive: For Allah doth blot out (sins) and forgive again and again.
( 97 ) ( 98 ) ( 99 )

The Quran is full of verses reprimanding the companions because they were hypocrites, they do not do what they say, they say they will obey the prophet but they do what they want once they are away from him, they make excuses not to fight in the way of Allah, they do not spend on they of Allah, they are weak believers, they say they believed but they are only deceiving themselves, they have a desease in their hearts, those who betrayed Allah and His messenger, and so on. If there are so many reprimands in the Quran, it must mean that many of such companions that surrounded the prophet. Then there are those whom Allah praised for their strong belief, for spending in the way of Allah, for truly following the prophet and remained loyal to the message after the prophet's demise.

As you will see, the Sunnah of the prophet has many authentic narrations that gives you a clear picture of the path followed by many of the companions after his demise. And Allah warned about this:
Quran 3:144
And Muhammad is no more than a messenger; the messengers have already passed away before him; if then he dies or is killed will you turn back upon your heels? And whoever turns back upon his heels, he will by no means do harm to Allah in the least and Allah will reward the grateful.

Many did indeed turn back upon their heels as you will see. I know these facts will offend many of my brothers because this is not what they grew up believing. They were taught that the companions are all beautiful stars. Well, if you worship Allah and only care about the truth, then don't fear from it. Purify yourself by embracing the truth. Rid yourself of all the misconceptions you were fed. The Quran, the Hadith of the prophet and historical records all prove that the companions were not all beautiful stars. Why does this surprise you when we know about the companions of Moses and how stubborn they were? Did not one of the disciples of Jesus betray Jesus??
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