Companions: More of their misdeeds
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Let me start with the following verse:
Quran 2:14
And when they meet those who believe, they say: We believe; and when they are alone with their Shaitans, they say: Surely we are with you, we were only mocking.

Who are those hypocrites described in the above verses? Are they not among the companions? This verse by itself is enough to refute the claim that the companions are just and trustworthy. Can these hypocrites be trusted to spread the message of the prophet?

Below are the many narrations that unveil the truth about many of the companions of the prophet. This is not to denigrate or dishonor or judge any companion. These are true facts about the companions that some Muslims highly respect and consider unanimously righteous. This is another sign, which shows that not all the companions were righteous. Some of these narrations show how some of the companions did not hesitate to raise their voices in the presence of the prophet, a sign of disrespect, about which Allah (SWT) says:

Quran 49:2
O you who believe! do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet, and do not speak loud to him as you speak loud to one another, lest your deeds became null while you do not perceive.

Other narrations show how some of the companions mistrusted the decisions and actions of the prophet Muhammad. They arguied that his decisions were unfair and biaised (He favored a group of muslims to another). Is this not a sign of hypocrisy? How can someone say to the prophet of Allah: 'Fear Allah'??? Others refused to do what the prophet ordered because of their ignorance! Don't they know that the prophet is more knowledgeable then they are??

This book will also prove that Abdullah ibn Ubay and his companions were not the only hypocrites among the companions, and this is supported by the following verse:

Quran 9:101
And from among those who are round about you of the dwellers of the desert there are hypocrites, and from among the people of Medina (also); they are stubborn in hypocrisy; you do not know them; We know them; We will chastise them twice then shall they be turned back to a grievous chastisement.

Narrated Al-Musaiyab: I met Al-Bara bin 'Azib and said (to him). "May you live prosperously! You enjoyed the company of the Prophet and gave him the Pledge of allegiance (of Al-Hudaibiya) under the Tree." On that, Al-Bara' said, "O my nephew! You do not know what we have done after him (i.e. his death)."
References:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, #488 - Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (Al-Maghaazi) - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 873, #4170, Book: al-Maghaazi - (Arabic version)

 
Content:
Hatib ibn Abi Balta betraying the prophet
Abdullah bin Ubai and his companions
A companion says to the prophet: "O Muhammad! Be afraid of Allah!"
There are those who accused the prophet of injustice in his judgements and decisions
There are those who disobeyed the Islamic orders of the prophet
There are those who left the friday khutba/prayer for the worldly things
There are those who disobeyed the prophet in the battle of Uhud
There are those who fled from the battle of Hunain
Those who only collect the worldly things and do not spend it in the way of Allah
The mosque built by the hypocrites
The twelve hypocrites
Those who will never see the prophet after his demise
 
Hatib ibn Abi Balta betraying the prophet

Narrated 'Ubaidullah bin Abi Rafi: I heard 'Ali saying, "Allah's Apostle sent me, Az-Zubair and Al-Miqdad somewhere saying, 'Proceed till you reach Rawdat Khakh. There you will find a lady with a letter. Take the letter from her.' " So, we set out and our horses ran at full pace till we got at Ar-Rawda where we found the lady and said (to her). "Take out the letter." She replied, "I have no letter with me." We said, "Either you take out the letter or else we will take off your clothes." So, she took it out of her braid. We brought the letter to Allah's Apostle and it contained a statement from Hatib bin Abi Balta to some of the Meccan pagans informing them of some of the intentions of Allah's Apostle. Then Allah's Apostle said, "O Hatib! What is this?" Hatib replied, "O Allah's Apostle! Don't hasten to give your judgment about me. I was a man closely connected with the Quraish, but I did not belong to this tribe, while the other emigrants with you, had their relatives in Mecca who would protect their dependents and property . So, I wanted to recompense for my lacking blood relation to them by doing them a favor so that they might protect my dependents. I did this neither because of disbelief not apostasy nor out of preferring Kufr (disbelief) to Islam." Allah's Apostle, said, "Hatib has told you the truth." Umar said, O Allah's Apostle! Allow me to chop off the head of this hypocrite." Allah's Apostle said, "Hatib participated in the battle of Badr, and who knows, perhaps Allah has already looked at the Badr warriors and said, 'Do whatever you like, for I have forgiven you."
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 52, #251 : al-Jihaad - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 632, #3007, Book: al-Jihaad - (Arabic version)

 
Abdullah bin Ubai and his companions
Abdullah bin Ubai and his companions were hypocrites among the companions. They refused to spend on the followers of the prophet and they spread some false accusations on the mother of the believers, Aisha, which had reached the prophet. The innocence of Aisha was then revealed by Allah by the following verse:

Quran 24:11
Surely they who spread the lie are a party from among you. Do not regard it an evil to you; nay, it is good for you. Every man of them shall have what he has earned of sin; and (as for) him who took upon himself the main part thereof, he shall have a grievous chastisement.

Narrated Zaid bin Arqam: While I was taking part in a Ghazwa. I heard 'Abdullah bin Ubai (bin Abi Salul) saying. "Don't spend on those who are with Allah's Apostle, that they may disperse and go away from him. If we return (to Medina), surely, the more honorable will expel the meaner amongst them." I reported that (saying) to my uncle or to 'Umar who, in his turn, informed the Prophet of it. The Prophet called me and I narrated to him the whole story. Then Allah's Apostle sent for 'Abdullah bin Ubai and his companions, and they took an oath that they did not say that. So Allah's Apostle disbelieved my saying and believed his. I was distressed as I never was before. I stayed at home and my uncle said to me. "You just wanted Allah's Apostle to disbelieve your statement and hate you." So Allah revealed (the Sura beginning with) 'When the hypocrites come to you.' (63.1) The Prophet then sent for me and recited it and said, "O Zaid! Allah confirmed your statement."
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, #423 : al-Tafseer - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 1068, #4900, Book: al-Tafseer - (Arabic version)

Narrated Zaid bin Arqam: I was with my uncle and I heard 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul, saying, "Don't spend on those who are with Allah's Apostle that they may disperse and go away from him." He also said, "If we return to Medina, surely, the more honorable will expel the meaner." So I informed my uncle of that and then my uncle informed Allah's Apostle thereof. Allah's Apostle sent for 'Abdullah bin Ubai and his companions. They swore that they did not say anything of that sort Allah's Apostle deemed their statement true and rejected mine. Thereof I became as distressed as I have never been before, and stayed at home. Then Allah revealed (Surat Al-Munafiqin):

'When the hypocrites come to you.....(63.1) They are the ones who say: Spend nothing on those who are with Allah's Apostle ..(63.7) Verily the more honorable will expel therefrom the meaner..' (63.7-8)

Allah's Apostle sent for me and recited that Sura for me and said, "Allah has confirmed your statement." 'That is because they believed, then disbelieved, so a seal was set on their hearts, therefore they understand not.' (63.3)

Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, #424-425 : al-Tafseer - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 1068-1069, #4901-4902, Book: al-Tafseer - (Arabic version)

Narrated Zaid bin Arqam: We went out with the Prophet on a journey and the people suffered from lack of provisions. So 'Abdullah bin Ubai said to his companions, "Don't spend on those who are with Allah's Apostle, that they may disperse and go away from him." He also said, "If we return to Medina, surely, the more honorable will expel therefrom the meaner. So I went to the Prophet and informed him of that. He sent for 'Abdullah bin Ubai and asked him, but 'Abdullah bin Ubai swore that he did not say so. The people said, "Zaid told a lie to 'Allah's Apostle." What they said distressed me very much. Later Allah revealed the confirmation of my statement in his saying: '(When the hypocrites come to you.' (63.1) So the Prophet called them that they might ask Allah to forgive them, but they turned their heads aside. (Concerning Allah's saying: 'Pieces of wood propped up,' Zaid said; They were the most handsome men.)
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, #426-427 : al-Tafseer - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 1069, #4903-4904, Book: al-Tafseer - (Arabic version)

Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: We were in a Ghazwa (Sufyan once said, in an army) and a man from the emigrants kicked an Ansari man (on the buttocks with his foot). The Ansari man said, "O the Ansar! (Help!)" and the emigrant said. "O the emigrants! (Help!) Allah's Apostle heard that and said, "What is this call for, which is characteristic of the period of ignorance?" They said, "O Allah's Apostle! A man from the emigrants kicked one of the Ansar (on the buttocks with his foot)." Allah's Apostle said, "Leave it (that call) as it is a detestable thing." 'Abdullah bin Ubai heard that and said, 'Have the (the emigrants) done so? By Allah, if we return Medina, surely, the more honorable will expel therefrom the meaner." When this statement reached the Prophet. 'Umar got up an, said, "O Allah's Apostle! Let me chop off the head of this hypocrite ('Abdullah bin Ubai)!" The Prophet said "Leave him, lest the people say that Muhammad kills his companions." The Ansar were then more in #than the emigrants when the latter came to Medina, but later on the emigrant increased.
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, #428, 430 : al-Tafseer - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 1070, #4905, Book: al-Tafseer - (Arabic version)

Narrated Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) "Whenever Allah's Apostle intended to go on a journey, he would draw lots amongst his wives and would take with him the one upon whom the lot fell. During a Ghazwa of his, he drew lots amongst us and the lot fell upon me, and I proceeded with him after Allah had decreed the use of the veil by women. I was carried in a Howdah (on the camel) and dismounted while still in it. When Allah's Apostle was through with his Ghazwa and returned home, and we approached the city of Medina, Allah's Apostle ordered us to proceed at night. When the order of setting off was given, I walked till I was past the army to answer the call of nature. After finishing I returned (to the camp) to depart (with the others) and suddenly realized that my necklace over my chest was missing. So, I returned to look for it and was delayed because of that. The people who used to carry me on the camel, came to my Howdah and put it on the back of the camel, thinking that I was in it, as, at that time, women were light in weight, and thin and lean, and did not use to eat much. So, those people did not feel the difference in the heaviness of the Howdah while lifting it, and they put it over the camel. At that time I was a young lady. They set the camel moving and proceeded on. I found my necklace after the army had gone, and came to their camp to find nobody. So, I went to the place where I used to stay, thinking that they would discover my absence and come back in my search. While in that state, I felt sleepy and slept.

Safwan bin Mu'attal As-Sulami Adh-Dhakwani was behind the army and reached my abode in the morning. When he saw a sleeping person, he came to me, and he used to see me before veiling. So, I got up when I heard him saying, "Inna lil-lah-wa inn a ilaihi rajiun (We are for Allah, and we will return to Him)." He made his camel knell down. He got down from his camel, and put his leg on the front legs of the camel and then I rode and sat over it. Safwan set out walking, leading the camel by the rope till we reached the army who had halted to take rest at midday. Then whoever was meant for destruction, fell into destruction, (some people accused me falsely) and the leader of the false accusers was 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul. After that we returned to Medina, and I became ill for one month while the people were spreading the forged statements of the false accusers. I was feeling during my ailment as if I were not receiving the usual kindness from the Prophet which I used to receive from him when I got sick. But he would come, greet and say, 'How is that (girl)?' I did not know anything of what was going on till I recovered from my ailment and went out with Um Mistah to the Manasi where we used to answer the call of nature, and we used not to go to answer the call of nature except from night to night and that was before we had lavatories near to our houses. And this habit of ours was similar to the habit of the old 'Arabs in the open country (or away from houses). So I and Um Mistah bint Ruhm went out walking. Um Mistah stumbled because of her long dress and on that she said, 'Let Mistah be ruined.' I said, 'You are saying a bad word. Why are you abusing a man who took part in (the battle of) Badr?' She said, 'O Hanata (you there) didn't you hear what they said?' Then she told me the rumors of the false accusers.

My sickness was aggravated, and when I returned home, Allah's Apostle came to me, and after greeting he said, 'How is that (girl)?' I requested him to allow me to go to my parents. I wanted then to be sure of the news through them I Allah's Apostle allowed me, and I went to my parents and asked my mother, 'What are the people talking about?' She said, 'O my daughter! Don't worry much about this matter. By Allah, never is there a charming woman loved by her husband who has other wives, but the women would forge false news about her.' I said, 'Glorified be Allah! Are the people really taking of this matter?' That night I kept on weeping and could not sleep till morning. In the morning Allah's Apostle called Ali bin Abu Talib and Usama bin Zaid when he saw the Divine Inspiration delayed, to consul them about divorcing his wife (i.e. 'Aisha). Usama bin Zaid said what he knew of the good reputation of his wives and added, 'O Allah's Apostle! Keep you wife, for, by Allah, we know nothing about her but good.' 'Ali bin Abu Talib said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Allah has no imposed restrictions on you, and there are many women other than she, yet you may ask the woman-servant who will tell you the truth.' On that Allah's Apostle called Buraira and said, 'O Burair. Did you ever see anything which roused your suspicions about her?' Buraira said, 'No, by Allah Who has sent you with the Truth, I have never seen in her anything faulty except that she is a girl of immature age, who sometimes sleeps and leaves the dough for the goats to eat.'On that day Allah's Apostle ascended the pulpit and requested that somebody support him in punishing 'Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul. Allah's Apostle said 'Who will support me to punish that person ('Abdullah bin Ubai bin Salul) who has hurt me by slandering the reputation of my family? By Allah, I know nothing about my family but good, and they have accused a person about whom I know nothing except good, and he never entered my house except in my company.' Sad bin Mu'adh got up and said, 'O Allah's Apostle! by Allah, I will relieve you from him. If that man is from the tribe of the Aus, then we will chop his head off, and if he is from our brothers, the Khazraj, then order us, and we will fulfill your order.' On that Sad bin 'Ubada, the chief of the Khazraj and before this incident, he had been a pious man, got up, motivated by his zeal for his tribe and said, 'By Allah, you have told a lie; you cannot kill him, and you will never be able to kill him.' On that Usaid bin Al-Hadir got up and said (to Sad bin 'Ubada), 'By Allah! you are a liar. By Allah, we will kill him; and you are a hypocrite, defending the hypocrites.' On this the two tribes of Aus and Khazraj got excited and were about to fight each other, while Allah's Apostle was standing on the pulpit. He got down and quietened them till they became silent and he kept quiet. On that day I kept on weeping so much so that neither did my tears stop, nor could I sleep.

In the morning my parents were with me and I had wept for two nights and a day, till I thought my liver would burst from weeping. While they were sitting with me and I was weeping, an Ansari woman asked my permission to enter, and I allowed her to come in. She sat down and started weeping with me. While we were in this state, Allah's Apostle came and sat down and he had never sat with me since the day they forged the accusation. No revelation regarding my case came to him for a month. He recited Tashah-hud (i.e. None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is His Apostle) and then said, 'O 'Aisha! I have been informed such-and-such about you; if you are innocent, then Allah will soon reveal your innocence, and if you have committed a sin, then repent to Allah and ask Him to forgive you, for when a person confesses his sin and asks Allah for forgiveness, Allah accepts his repentance.' When Allah's Apostle finished his speech my tears ceased completely and there remained not even a single drop of it. I requested my father to reply to Allah's Apostle on my behalf. My father said, By Allah, I do not know what to say to Allah's Apostle.' I said to my mother, 'Talk to Allah's Apostle on my behalf.' She said, 'By Allah, I do not know what to say to Allah's Apostle.

I was a young girl and did not have much knowledge of the Quran. I said. 'I know, by Allah, that you have listened to what people are saying and that has been planted in your minds and you have taken it as a truth. Now, if I told you that I am innocent and Allah knows that I am innocent, you would not believe me and if I confessed to you falsely that I am guilty, and Allah knows that I am innocent you would believe me. By Allah, I don't compare my situation with you except to the situation of Joseph's father (i.e. Jacob) who said, 'So (for me) patience is most fitting against that which you assert and it is Allah (Alone) whose help can be sought.' Then I turned to the other side of my bed hoping that Allah would prove my innocence. By Allah I never thought that Allah would reveal Divine Inspiration in my case, as I considered myself too inferior to be talked of in the Holy Qur'an. I had hoped that Allah's Apostle might have a dream in which Allah would prove my innocence. By Allah, Allah's Apostle had not got up and nobody had left the house before the Divine Inspiration came to Allah's Apostle. So, there overtook him the same state which used to overtake him, (when he used to have, on being inspired divinely). He was sweating so much so that the drops of the sweat were dropping like pearls though it was a (cold) wintry day. When that state of Allah's Apostle was over, he was smiling and the first word he said, 'Aisha! Thank Allah, for Allah has declared your innocence.' My mother told me to go to Allah's Apostle . I replied, 'By Allah I will not go to him and will not thank but Allah.' So Allah revealed: "Verily! They who spread the slander are a gang among you . . ." (24.11)

When Allah gave the declaration of my Innocence, Abu Bakr, who used to provide for Mistah bin Uthatha for he was his relative, said, 'By Allah, I will never provide Mistah with anything because of what he said about Aisha.' But Allah later revealed: "And let not those who are good and wealthy among you swear not to help their kinsmen, those in need and those who left their homes in Allah's Cause. Let them forgive and overlook. Do you not wish that Allah should forgive you? Verily! Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful." (24.22) After that Abu Bakr said, 'Yes ! By Allah! I like that Allah should forgive me,' and resumed helping Mistah whom he used to help before.

Allah's Apostle also asked Zainab bint Jahsh (i.e. the Prophet's wife about me saying, 'What do you know and what did you see?' She replied, 'O Allah's Apostle! I refrain to claim hearing or seeing what I have not heard or seen. By Allah, I know nothing except goodness about Aisha." Aisha further added "Zainab was competing with me (in her beauty and the Prophet's love), yet Allah protected her (from being malicious), for she had piety."

Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 48, #829 : Witnesses - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 553, #2661, Book: al-Shahadaat - (Arabic version)

Narrated Aisha: ...Allah's Apostle, while on the pulpit, said, "O Muslims! Who will help me against a man who has hurt me by slandering my family? By Allah, I know nothing except good about my family, and people have blamed a man of whom I know nothing except good, and he never used to visit my family except with me," Sad bin Muadh Al-Ansari got up and said, "O Allah's Apostle! By Allah, I will relieve you from him. If he be from the tribe of (Bani) Al-Aus, then I will chop his head off; and if he be from our brethren, the Khazraj, then you give us your order and we will obey it." On that, Sad bin 'Ubada got up, and he was the chief of the Khazraj, and before this incident he had been a pious man but he was incited by his zeal for his tribe. He said to Sad (bin Muadh), "By Allah the Eternal, you have told a lie! You shall not kill him and you will never be able to kill him!" On that, Usaid bin Hudair, the cousin of Sad (bin Muadh) got up and said to Sad bin 'Ubada, "You are a liar! By Allah the Eternal, we will surely kill him; and you are a hypocrite defending the hypocrites!" So the two tribes of Al-Aus and Al-Khazraj got excited till they were on the point of fighting with each other while Allah's Apostle was standing on the pulpit. Allah's Apostle continued quietening them till they became silent whereupon he became silent too...
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, #274 : al-Tafseer - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 1017, #4750, Book: al-Tafseer - (Arabic version)

 
A companion says to the prophet: "O Muhammad! Be afraid of Allah!"

Quran 9:58
And of them there are those who blame you with respect to the alms; so if they are given from it they are pleased, and if they are not given from it, lo! they are full of rage.

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: When 'Ali was in Yemen, he sent some gold in its ore to the Prophet. The Prophet distributed it among Al-Aqra' bin Habis Al-Hanzali who belonged to Bani Mujashi, 'Uyaina bin Badr Al-Fazari, 'Alqama bin 'Ulatha Al-'Amiri, who belonged to the Bani Kilab tribe and Zaid AI-Khail At-Ta'i who belonged to Bani Nabhan. So the Quraish and the Ansar became angry and said, "He gives to the chiefs of Najd and leaves us!" The Prophet said, "I just wanted to attract and unite their hearts (make them firm in Islam)." Then there came a man with sunken eyes, bulging forehead, thick beard, fat raised cheeks, and clean-shaven head, and said, "O Muhammad! Be afraid of Allah! " The Prophet said, "Who would obey Allah if I disobeyed Him? (Allah). He trusts me over the people of the earth, but you do not trust me?" A man from the people (present then), who, I think, was Khalid bin Al-Walid, asked for permission to kill him, but the Prophet prevented him. When the man went away, the Prophet said, "Out of the offspring of this man, there will be people who will recite the Quran but it will not go beyond their throats, and they will go out of Islam as an arrow goes out through the game, and they will kill the Muslims and leave the idolators. Should I live till they appear, I would kill them as the Killing of the nation of 'Ad."
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 93, #527 : al-Tawheed; Page 1560, #7432 - (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, #558 : al-Anbiya'; Page 703, #3344 - (Arabic version)

 
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: 'Ali bin Abi Talib sent a piece of gold not yet taken out of its ore, in a tanned leather container to Allah's Apostle . Allah's Apostle distributed that amongst four Persons: 'Uyaina bin Badr, Aqra bin Habis, Zaid Al-Khail and the fourth was either Alqama or Amir bin At Tufail. On that, one of his companions said, "We are more deserving of this (gold) than these (persons)." When that news reached the Prophet , he said, "Don't you trust me though I am the truth worthy man of the One in the Heavens, and I receive the news of Heaven (i.e. Divine Inspiration) both in the morning and in the evening?" There got up a man with sunken eyes, raised cheek bones, raised forehead, a thick beard, a shaven head and a waist sheet that was tucked up and he said, "O Allah's Apostle! Be afraid of Allah." The Prophet said, "Woe to you! Am I not of all the people of the earth the most entitled to fear Allah?" Then that man went away. Khalid bin Al-Wahd said, "O Allah's Apostle! Shall I chop his neck off?" The Prophet said, "No, for he may offer prayers." Khalid said, "Numerous are those who offer prayers and say by their tongues (i.e. mouths) what is not in their hearts." Allah's Apostle said, "I have not been ordered (by Allah) to search the hearts of the people or cut open their bellies." Then the Prophet looked at him (i.e. that man) while the latter was going away and said, "From the offspring of this (man there will come out (people) who will recite the Qur'an continuously and elegantly but it will not exceed their throats. (They will neither understand it nor act upon it). They would go out of the religion (i.e. Islam) as an arrow goes through a game's body." I think he also said, "If I should be present at their time I would kill them as the nations a Thamud were killed."
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari: Volume 5, Book 59, #638 : al-Maghaazi; Page 904, #4351 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Muslim: Book 005, #2318: al-Zakat; Page 381, #(1064)-143 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Muslim: Book 005, #2319: al-Zakat; Page 381, #(1064)-144 (Arabic version)

 
There are those who accused the prophet of injustice in his judgements and decisions

Narrated Urwa bin Az-Zubair: Az-Zubair told me that he quarrelled with an Ansari man who had participated in (the battle of) Badr in front of Allah's Apostle about a water stream which both of them used for irrigation. Allah's Apostle said to Az-Zubair, "O Zubair! Irrigate (your garden) first, and then let the water flow to your neighbor." The Ansari became angry and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Is it because he is your cousin?" On that the complexion of Allah's Apostle changed (because of anger) and said (to Az-Zubair), "Irrigate (your garden) and then withhold the water till it reaches the walls (surrounding the palms)." So, Allah's Apostle gave Az-Zubair his full right. Before that Allah's Apostle had given a generous judgment beneficial for Az-Zubair and the Ansari, but when the Ansari irritated Allah's Apostle he gave Az-Zubair his full right according to the evident law. Az-Zubair said, "By Allah ! I think the following Verse was revealed concerning that case: "But no by your Lord They can have No faith Until they make you judge In all disputes between them." (4.65)
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 49, #871 : Peacemaking or Treaties - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 566, #2708, Book: al-Soloh - (Arabic version)

Narrated 'Abdullah: On the day (of the battle) of Hunain, Allah's Apostle favored some people in the distribution of the booty (to the exclusion of others); he gave Al-Aqra' bin Habis one-hundred camels and he gave 'Uyaina the same amount, and also gave to some of the eminent Arabs, giving them preference in this regard. Then a person came and said, "By Allah, in this distribution justice has not been observed, nor has Allah's Pleasure been aimed at." I said (to him), "By Allah, I will inform the Prophet (of what you have said), "I went and informed him, and he said, "If Allah and His Apostle did not act justly, who else would act justly. May Allah be merciful to Moses, for he was harmed with more than this, yet he kept patient."
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 53, #378, Book: al-Khumus; Page 665, #3150 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, #617, Book: Ahadith al-Anbiya'; Page 720, #3405 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, #624-625, Book: al-Maghaazi; Page 901, #4335-4336 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 73, #85, Book: al-Adab; Page 1299, #6059 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 73, #122, Book: al-Adab; Page 1306, #6100 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 74, #306, Book: al-Isti'dhan (Permissions); Page 1343, #6291 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 75, #348, Book: al-Daawat (Invocations); Page 1352, #6336 (Arabic version)

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: While we were with Allah's Apostle who was distributing (i.e. some property), there came Dhu-l-Khuwaisira, a man from the tribe of Bani Tamim and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Do Justice." The Prophet said, "Woe to you! Who could do justice if I did not? I would be a desperate loser if I did not do justice." 'Umar said, "O Allah's Apostle! Allow me to chop his head off." The Prophet said, "Leave him, for he has companions who pray and fast in such a way that you will consider your fasting negligible in comparison to theirs. They recite Qur'an but it does not go beyond their throats (i.e. they do not act on it) and they will desert Islam as an arrow goes through a victim's body, so that the hunter, on looking at the arrow's blade, would see nothing on it; he would look at its Risaf and see nothing: he would look at its Na,di and see nothing, and he would look at its Qudhadh ( 1 ) and see nothing (neither meat nor blood), for the arrow has been too fast even for the blood and excretions to smear. The sign by which they will be recognized is that among them there will be a black man, one of whose arms will resemble a woman's breast or a lump of meat moving loosely. Those people will appear when there will be differences amongst the people." I testify that I heard this narration from Allah's Apostle and I testify that 'Ali bin Abi Talib fought with such people, and I was in his company. He ordered that the man (described by the Prophet ) should be looked for. The man was brought and I looked at him and noticed that he looked exactly as the Prophet had described him.
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 56, #807 : al-Manaqib - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 759, #3610, Book: al-Manaqib - (Arabic version)

Narrated Anas bin Malik: When Allah favored His Apostle with the properties of Hawazin tribe as Fai (booty), he started giving to some Quarraishi men even up to one-hundred camels each, whereupon some Ansari men said about Allah's Apostle, "May Allah forgive His Apostle! He is giving to (men of) Quraish and leaves us, in spite of the fact that our swords are still dropping blood (of the infidels)" When Allah's Apostle was informed of what they had said, he called the Ansar and gathered them in a leather tent and did not call anybody else along, with them. When they gathered, Allah's Apostle came to them and said, "What is the statement which, I have been informed, and that which you have said?" The learned ones among them replied," O Allah's Apostle! The wise ones amongst us did not say anything, but the youngsters amongst us said, 'May Allah forgive His Apostle; he gives the Quarish and leaves the Ansar, in spite of the fact that our swords are still dribbling (wet) with the blood of the infidels.' " Allah's Apostle replied, I give to such people as are still close to the period of Infidelity (i.e. they have recently embraced Islam and Faith is still weak in their hearts). Won't you be pleased to see people go with fortune, while you return with Allah's Apostle to your houses? By Allah, what you will return with, is better than what they are returning with." The Ansar replied, "Yes, O Allah's Apostle, we are satisfied' Then the Prophet said to them." You will find after me, others being preferred to you. Then be patient till you meet Allah and meet His Apostle at Al-Kauthar (i.e. a fount in Paradise)." (Anas added:) But we did not remain patient.
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 53, #375, Book: al-Khumus; Page 664, #3147 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 58, #122, Book: al-Khumus; Page 791, #3778 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Book: al-Maghaazi; Page 900, #4331 (Arabic version); The english version is incomplete (#620).

 
: ǡ ǡ ǡ : ! ɡ : ! ʡ ǡ - - ޡ ! - .
Reference:
      Kanz al-U'ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, #31584 ( )

 
There are those who disobeyed the Islamic orders of the prophet

Quran 59:7
Whatever Allah has restored to His Messenger from the people of the towns, it is for Allah and for the Messenger, and for the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer, so that it may not be a thing taken by turns among the rich of you, and whatever the Messenger gives you, accept it, and from whatever he forbids you, keep back, and be careful of (your duty to) Allah; surely Allah is severe in retributing (evil).

Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama and Marwan: When the writing of the peace treaty was concluded, Allah's Apostle said to his companions, "Get up and' slaughter your sacrifices and get your head shaved." By Allah none of them got up, and the Prophet repeated his order thrice. When none of them got up, he left them and went to Um Salama and told her of the people's attitudes towards him. Um Salama said, "O the Prophet of Allah! Do you want your order to be carried out? Go out and don't say a word to anybody till you have slaughtered your sacrifice and call your barber to shave your head." So, the Prophet went out and did not talk to anyone of them till he did that, i.e. slaughtered the sacrifice and called his barber who shaved his head. Seeing that, the companions of the Prophet got up, slaughtered their sacrifices, and started shaving the heads of one another, and there was so much rush that there was a danger of killing each other.
References:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 50, #891 - Conditions - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 571, #2731 & 2732, Book: al-Shuroot - (Arabic version)

Narrated 'Aisha: The Prophet did something and allowed his people to do it, but some people refrained from doing it. When the Prophet learned of that, he delivered a sermon, and after having sent Praises to Allah, he said, "What is wrong with such people as refrain from doing a thing that I do? By Allah, I know Allah better than they, and I am more afraid of Him than they."
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 73, #123 : al-Adab - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 1306, #6101, Book: al-Adab - (Arabic version)

Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: The Prophet (along with his companions) reached Mecca in the morning of the fourth of Dhul-Hijja assuming Ihram for Hajj only. So when we arrived at Mecca, the Prophet ordered us to change our intentions of the Ihram for 'Umra and that we could finish our Ihram after performing the 'Umra and could go to our wives (for sexual intercourse). The people began talking about that. Jabir said surprisingly, "Shall we go to Mina while semen is dribbling from our male organs?" Jabir moved his hand while saying so. When this news reached the Prophet he delivered a sermon and said, "I have been informed that some peoples were saying so and so; By Allah I fear Allah more than you do, and am more obedient to Him than you. If I had known what I know now, I would not have brought the Hadi (sacrifice) with me and had the Hadi not been with me, I would have finished the Ihram." At that Suraqa bin Malik stood up and asked "O Allah's Apostle! Is this permission for us only or is it forever?" The Prophet replied, "It is forever." In the meantime 'Ali bin Abu Talib came from Yemen and was saying Labbaik for what the Prophet has intended. (According to another man, 'Ali was saying Labbaik for Hajj similar to Allah's Apostle's). The Prophet told him to keep on the Ihram and let him share the Hadi with him.
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 44, #683 : Partnership - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 520, #2505-2506, Book: al-Sharikah - (Arabic version)

'A'isha reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) did an act, and held it to be valid. This news reached some persons amongst his Companions (and it was felt) that they did not approve of it and avoided (it). This reaction of theirs was conveyed to him. He stood to deliver an address; and said: What has happened to the people to whom there was conveyed on my behalf a matter for which I granted permission and they disapproved it and avoided it? By Allah, I have the best knowledge of Allah amongst them, and I fear Him most amongst them.
Reference:
     Sahih Muslim, Book 030, #5814 : Fada'il al-Sahabah; Page 919, #2356-126 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Muslim, Book 030, #5816 : Fada'il al-Sahabah; Page 919, #2356-128 (Arabic version)

See also the calamity of thursday. While the prophet was on his death-bed, he ordered the companions present with him to bring him the writing material on which he may may write for them something after which they will never go astray. The companions, headed by Umar ibn al-Khattab, opposed and rejected such request while others desired to obey. Umar said, "The Prophet is seriously ill and you have the Quran; so the Book of Allah is enough for us". They said, "What is wrong with him? Do you think he is delirious? They said: Allah's Messenger (may peace upon him) is in the state of unconsciousness. These companions bluntly disobeyed the prophet request. How dare they disobey such request and how dare Umar say the Quran is sufficient for us when the prophet says adhere to the Quran and my Ahlul Bayt in order not to ever go astray. Their voices intensified to the point where the prophet expelled them for the house. Yes, the prophet was ill, but he certainly was not delirious! He certainly was no unconscious! He certainly knew what he was saying! How many times does the Quran order us to obey to the prophet.

Does not the Quran say:

Quran 53:1-3
I swear by the star when it goes down. Your companion does not err, nor does he go astray; Nor does he speak out of desire. It is naught but revelation that is revealed.

See also the military detachement under Usamah ibn Zaid ibn Haritha. Allah's Apostle appointed Usama bin Zaid as the commander of a military detachement that was to be sent to al-Sham (Syria) to fight the roman army. Most of His companions were ordered to join the expedition, except Ali Ibn Abi Talib and others from Banu Hashim. Abu Bakr, Umar Ibn Khattab, Abu Obaydah, Sa'ad bin Abi Waqqas, Talha, Zubayr, Khalid bin al-Walid, among many others were part of this expedition.

The prophet intended to send this army immediately, but he was faced with some resistance coming from the members of the army. The senior members of the army (veterans) refused to be under the command of a youngster, son of a freed slave who had little military experience. The companions were also reluctant of leaving Medinah to fight the Romans because of the unhealthy state of the prophet. They argued among themselves that it would be unsafe to leave the prophet in this situation, but it was okay for them to disobey his orders and criticize his decisions.

Narrated Salim's father: The Prophet sent Khalid bin Al-Walid to the tribe of Jadhima and Khalid invited them to Islam but they could not express themselves by saying, "Aslamna (i.e. we have embraced Islam)," but they started saying "Saba'na! Saba'na (i.e. we have come out of one religion to another)." Khalid kept on killing (some of) them and taking (some of) them as captives and gave every one of us his Captive. When there came the day then Khalid ordered that each man (i.e. Muslim soldier) should kill his captive, I said, "By Allah, I will not kill my captive, and none of my companions will kill his captive." When we reached the Prophet, we mentioned to him the whole story. On that, the Prophet raised both his hands and said twice, "O Allah! I am free from what Khalid has done."
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, #628, Book: al-Maghaazi; Page 902, #4339 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 89, #299, Book: al-Ahkaam; Page 1514, #7189 (Arabic version)

Here is the brief story of the event related to the hadith above: After the conquest of Mecca by the prophet and his companions, the prophet sent several groups of missionaries to different tribes around Mecca. The missionaries were to invite the tribes to Islam without any blood-shedding. The expedition of Khalid ibn Waleed was sent to the tribe of Banu Judhayma. His expedition consisted of several hundreds immigrants and ansars and of Banu Sulaym.

When Banu Judhayma saw Khalid ibn Waleed and Banu Sulaym, they quickly armed themselves and were ready to fight. They feared that Khalid ibn Waleed and Banu Sulaym had come to seek revenge for their relatives that were killed by Banu Judhayma in the past (some men from Banu Jadhimah killed Al-Fakih Ibn Al-Mughirah Al-Makhzumi, uncle of Khalid, and Awf Ibn Abd-Awf, father of Abdul Rahman, before the conquest of Mecca). Khalid ibn Waleed asked the tribe: "Are you Muslims?" Some said "yes" and others said "we have left idol worship! We have left idol worship!". Khalid ibn Waleed then asked them to drop their weapons since they had accepted Islam. But a man called Judham objected and warned: "'Woe be unto you O Banu Judhayma! This is Khalid. By Allah, captivity will follow your dropping of weapons. After captivity he will behead you. By Allah! I will never give up my weapons".

Their weapons (of Banu Judhayma tribe) were taken away from them, they were handcuffed and ordered to be killed under the command of Khalid. All complied except the Ansars and Muhajirun who refused to kill their assigned captives, because the prophet ordered them to come in peace and not to fight. When the news reached the prophet, he raised both his hands and said twice, "O Allah! I am free from what Khalid has done." The prophet then sent Ali in Abi Talib to Banu Judhayma with property so as to compensate for their material and blood losses. Ibn Hisham, in his Sirat of the Prophet, part 2, page 421, wrote that when the Prophet found out about it, he said to Khalid: "...Khalid, leave my companions alone. By God, should you have a piece of gold the size of Uhud Mountain, and you spend it in the path of God, your charity would not compare to a morning or evening trip in defense of Islam by any one of my companions."

When the prophet raised his hands to the sky and asked Allah to dissociate him from the criminal actions of Khalid ibn Waleed, it certainly shows the gravity of the event.
 

There are those who left the friday khutba/prayer for the worldly things

Quran 62:11
And when they see merchandise or sport they break up for It, and leave you standing. Say: What is with Allah is better than sport and (better) than merchandise, and Allah is the best of Sustainers.

Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: While we were praying (Jumua Khutba & prayer) with the Prophet (p.b.u.h), some camels loaded with food, arrived (from Sham). The people diverted their attention towards the camels (and left the mosque), and only twelve persons remained with the Prophet. So this verse was revealed: "But when they see Some bargain or some amusement, They disperse headlong to it, And leave you standing." (62.11)
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 13, #58, Book: Friday Prayer; Page 202, #936 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 34, #274, Book: Sale and Trade; Page 428, #2058 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 34, #278, Book: Sale and Trade; Page 429, #2064 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, #422, Book: al-Tafseer; Page 1068, #4899 (Arabic version)

This is an indication to how many true believers were among the companions. They all left the masjid for the worldly things instead of observing the friday Khutba/prayer offered by the prophet. Only twelve remained! Not only those who left the masjid did not have respect to the friday prayer, they disrespected Allah and his messenger. They left the prophet - who is fighting to guide them - for the worldly things!

Read more about this incident...
 

There are those who disobeyed the prophet in the battle of Uhud
In the battle of Uhud, the prophet gave clear orders to the group of companions headed by Abdullah bin Jubair. These companions disobeyed these orders despite the reminder of Abdullah bin Jubair. Instead of remaining firm in their post, they ran after the fleeing women to collect their share of the booty. They were only interested in the worldly things while the prophet and other companions were fighting a holy war. And when the enemy caught the disobedient companions off guard, they were plunged into disorder and confusion. They turned back defeated, ignoring the call of the prophet to fight. Aren't these companions hypocrites! Note what Allah (SWT) says:

Quran 8:15-16
O you who believe! when you meet those who disbelieve marching for war, then turn not your backs to them. And whoever shall turn his back to them on that day-- unless he turn aside for the sake of fighting or withdraws to a company-- then he, indeed, becomes deserving of Allah's wrath, and his abode is hell; and an evil destination shall it be

Quran 3:152-153
And certainly Allah made good to you His promise when you slew them by His permission, until when you became weak-hearted and disputed about the order and disobeyed after He had shown you that which you loved; of you were some who desired this world and of you were some who desired the hereafter; then He turned you away from them that He might try you; and He has certainly pardoned you, and Allah is Gracious to the believers. When you ran off precipitately and did not wait for any one, and the Messenger was calling you from your rear, so He gave you another sorrow instead of (your) sorrow, so that you might not grieve at what had escaped you, nor (at) what befell you; and Allah is aware of what you do.

Quran 3:122
When two parties from among you had determined that they should show cowardice, and Allah was the guardian of them both, and in Allah should the believers trust.

The first party is Abdullah bin Ubay and his 300 companions (about 1/3 of the Muslim army) who refused to fight alongside the prophet in the battle of Uhud. They headed back to Medina. The second party are the archers put under the command of Abdullah bin Jubair. When they noticed that the war was almost won, they deserted to catch the booty of war. Both groups of companions proved to be hypocrites. If they were believers, they would not have acted so!

Narrated Al-Bara: We faced the pagans on that day (of the battle of Uhud) and the Prophet placed a batch of archers (at a special place) and appointed 'Abdullah (bin Jubair) as their commander and said, "Do not leave this place; and if you should see us conquering the enemy, do not leave this place, and if you should see them conquering us, do not (come to) help us," So, when we faced the enemy, they took to their heel till I saw their women running towards the mountain, lifting up their clothes from their legs, revealing their leg-bangles. The Muslims started saying, "The booty, the booty!" 'Abdullah bin Jubair said, "The Prophet had taken a firm promise from me not to leave this place." But his companions refused (to stay). So when they refused (to stay there), (Allah) confused them so that they could not know where to go, and they suffered seventy casualties. Abu Sufyan ascended a high place and said, "Is Muhammad present amongst the people?" The Prophet said, "Do not answer him." Abu Sufyan said, "Is the son of Abu Quhafa present among the people?" The Prophet said, "Do not answer him." Abu Sufyan said, "Is the son of Al-Khattab amongst the people?" He then added, "All these people have been killed, for, were they alive, they would have replied." On that, 'Umar could not help saying, "You are a liar, O enemy of Allah! Allah has kept what will make you unhappy." Abu Safyan said, "Superior may be Hubal!" On that the Prophet said (to his companions), "Reply to him." They asked, "What may we say?" He said, "Say: Allah is More Elevated and More Majestic!" Abu Sufyan said, "We have (the idol) Al-'Uzza, whereas you have no 'Uzza!" The Prophet said (to his companions), "Reply to him." They said, "What may we say?" The Prophet said, "Say: Allah is our Helper and you have no helper." Abu Sufyan said, "(This) day compensates for our loss at Badr and (in) the battle (the victory) is always undecided and shared in turns by the belligerents. You will see some of your dead men mutilated, but neither did I urge this action, nor am I sorry for it." Narrated Jabir: Some people took wine in the morning of the day of Uhud and were then killed as martyrs.
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, #375, Book: al-Maghaazi; Page 847, #4043 (Arabic version)

Narrated Al-Bara bin Azib: The Prophet appointed 'Abdullah bin Jubair as the commander of the infantry men (archers) who were fifty on the day (of the battle) of Uhud. He instructed them, "Stick to your place, and don't leave it even if you see birds snatching us, till I send for you; and if you see that we have defeated the infidels and made them flee, even then you should not leave your place till I send for you." Then the infidels were defeated. By Allah, I saw the women fleeing lifting up their clothes revealing their leg-bangles and their legs. So, the companions of 'Abdullah bin Jubair said, "The booty! O people, the booty ! Your companions have become victorious, what are you waiting for now?" 'Abdullah bin Jubair said, "Have you forgotten what Allah's Apostle said to you?" They replied, "By Allah! We will go to the people (i.e. the enemy) and collect our share from the war booty." But when they went to them, they were forced to turn back defeated. At that time Allah's Apostle in their rear was calling them back. Only twelve men remained with the Prophet and the infidels martyred seventy men from us.

On the day (of the battle) of Badr, the Prophet and his companions had caused the 'Pagans to lose 140 men, seventy of whom were captured and seventy were killed. Then Abu Sufyan asked thrice, "Is Muhammad present amongst these people?" The Prophet ordered his companions not to answer him. Then he asked thrice, "Is the son of Abu Quhafa present amongst these people?" He asked again thrice, "Is the son of Al-Khattab present amongst these people?" He then returned to his companions and said, "As for these (men), they have been killed." 'Umar could not control himself and said (to Abu Sufyan), "You told a lie, by Allah! O enemy of Allah! All those you have mentioned are alive, and the thing which will make you unhappy is still there." Abu Sufyan said, "Our victory today is a counterbalance to yours in the battle of Badr, and in war (the victory) is always undecided and is shared in turns by the belligerents, and you will find some of your (killed) men mutilated, but I did not urge my men to do so, yet I do not feel sorry for their deed" After that he started reciting cheerfully, "O Hubal, be high! (1) On that the Prophet said (to his companions), "Why don't you answer him back?" They said, "O Allah's Apostle What shall we say?" He said, "Say, Allah is Higher and more Sublime." (Then) Abu Sufyan said, "We have the (idol) Al Uzza, and you have no Uzza." The Prophet said (to his companions), "Why don't you answer him back?" They asked, "O Allah's Apostle! What shall we say?" He said, "Says Allah is our Helper and you have no helper."

Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 52, #276, Book: al-Jahaad; Page 639, #3039 (Arabic version)

They gave their promise to Allah not to turn their back to the battles again, but did they keep their promises? The prophet instructed the 50 archers who were under the command of Abdullah ibn Jubayr not to leave their position for any reason. But when they noticed that the enemy was defeated, they immediately left their position to grab the booty of war. They even ignored Abdullah's call when he reminded them of the prophet's instructions. It is at this point that Allah planted panick in their hearts. The enemy gained momentum and caused the companions to run for their lives, deserting the prophet. Only 12 companions remained in the battlefield to defend the prophet and his message.

Quran 33:15
And certainly they had made a covenant with Allah before, that) they would not turn (their) backs; and Allah's covenant shall be inquired of.

 
There are those who fled from the battle of Hunain
Historians report that these actions were repeated in the battle of Hunayn (8 A.H). The majority of them ran away during the battle and left the prophet with very few companions known to be the true believers. The Quran testifies (see below) that the great numbers of Muslims (12000 and three times larger than the enemy) fighting in the battle were of no use because they fled the battle, under the pressure of the enemy (4000). The only few (in the order of 10) that remained were the true believers and the majority proved to be hypocrites.

Quran 9:25-26
Certainly Allah helped you in many battlefields and on the day of Hunain, when your great numbers made you vain, but they availed you nothing and the earth became strait to you notwithstanding its spaciousness, then you turned back retreating. Then Allah sent down His tranquillity upon His Messenger and upon the believers, and sent down hosts which you did not see, and chastised those who disbelieved, and that is the reward of the unbelievers.

Narrations from sahih al-Bukhari testify that the second caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab was among the companions who fled the battlefield. Is that how the bravest of the companions, as considered by many Muslims, behave when fighting a holy war with the prophet of Allah? Is that the behavior of a believer? Someone who flees such a war is certainly afraid to die. Being afraid to die in the way of Allah is definitely not the behavior of a believer. If it was really Allah's order to flee the battle (like Umar stated), then why did not the prophet and the few remaining companions flee the battle? Would the prophet of Allah disobey Allah? Was Umar in need of an excuse to stay alife? Should I repeat the verse about those who flee from a holy war?

Quran 8:15-16
O you who believe! when you meet those who disbelieve marching for war, then turn not your backs to them. And whoever shall turn his back to them on that day-- unless he turn aside for the sake of fighting or withdraws to a company-- then he, indeed, becomes deserving of Allah's wrath, and his abode is hell; and an evil destination shall it be

Narrated Abu Qatada: We set out along with the Prophet during the year of (the battle of) Hunain, and when we faced the enemy, the Muslims (with the exception of the Prophet and some of his companions) retreated (before the enemy). I saw one of the pagans over-powering one of the Muslims, so I struck the pagan from behind his neck causing his armor to be cut off. The pagan headed towards me and pressed me so forcibly that I felt as if I was dying. Then death took him over and he released me. Afterwards I followed 'Umar and said to him, "What is wrong with the people?" He said, "It is the Order of Allah." Then the Muslims returned (to the battle after the flight) and (after overcoming the enemy) the Prophet sat and said, "Whoever had killed an Infidel and has an evidence to this issue, will have the Salb (i.e. the belonging of the deceased e.g. clothes, arms, horse, etc)." I (stood up) and said, "Who will be my witness?" and then sat down. Then the Prophet repeated his question. Then the Prophet said the same (for the third time). I got up and said, "Who will be my witness?" and then sat down. The Prophet asked his former question again. So I got up. The Prophet said, What is the matter, O Abu Qatada?" So I narrated the whole story; A man said, "Abu Qatada has spoken the truth, and the Salb of the deceased is with me, so please compensate Abu Qatada on my behalf." Abu Bakr said, "No! By Allah, it will never happen that the Prophet will leave a Lion of Allah who fights for the Sake of Allah and His Apostle and give his spoils to you." The Prophet said, "Abu Bakr has spoken the truth. Give it (the spoils) back to him (O man)!" So he gave it to me and I bought a garden in (the land of) Banu Salama with it (i.e. the spoils) and that was the first property I got after embracing Islam.
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, #610, Book: al-Maghaazi; Page 897, #4321 (Arabic version)

Narrated Abu Qatada: When it was the day of (the battle of) Hunain, I saw a Muslim man fighting with one of the pagans and another pagan was hiding himself behind the Muslim in order to kill him. So I hurried towards the pagan who was hiding behind the Muslim to kill him, and he raised his hand to hit me but I hit his hand and cut it off. That man got hold of me and pressed me so hard that I was afraid (that I would die), then he knelt down and his grip became loose and I pushed him and killed him. The Muslims (excepting the Prophet and some of his companions) started fleeing and I too, fled with them. Suddenly I met 'Umar bin Al-Khattab amongst the people and I asked him, "What is wrong with the people?" He said, "It is the order of Allah" Then the people returned to Allah's Apostle (after defeating the enemy). Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever produces a proof that he has killed an infidel, will have the spoils of the killed man." So I got up to look for an evidence to prove that I had killed an infidel, but I could not find anyone to bear witness for me, so I sat down. Then it came to my mind (that I should speak of it) and I mentioned the case to Allah's Apostle. A man from the persons who were sitting with him (i.e. the Prophet), said, "The arms of the deceased one whom he ( i.e. Abu Qatada) has mentioned, are with me, so please compensate him for it (i.e. the spoils)," Abu Bakr said, "No, Allah's Apostle will not give it (i.e. the spoils) to a weak humble person from Quraish and leave one of Allah's Lions who fights on behalf of Allah and His Apostle." Allah's Apostle then got up and gave that (spoils) to me, and I bought with it, a garden which was the first property I got after embracing Islam.
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, #611, Book: al-Maghaazi; Page 898, #4322 (Arabic version)

 
Those who only collect the worldly things and do not spend it in the way of Allah
The righteous companion Abu Dhar warns those whose only interest is to collect the worldly things, about their fate with Allah. These are the people who acted according to the misinterpretation of the following verse:

Quran 9:34-35
O ye who believe! there are indeed many among the priests and anchorites, who in Falsehood devour the substance of men and hinder (them) from the way of Allah. And there are those who bury gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah: announce unto them a most grievous penalty. On the Day when heat will be produced out of that (wealth) in the fire of Hell, and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs. "This is the (treasure) which ye buried for yourselves: taste ye, then, the (treasures) ye buried!"

Abu Dhar al Ghaffari used to remind the rulers of his time of this verse. That their accumulated wealth should be spent in the way of Allah through zakat, sadaqa and khums. But some of the companions were more attached to their wealth than to religion. The second hadith (#489) confirms that the prophet was aware of them and warned Abu Dhar about their actions. These were the people who would give religious advice to the prophet. They appeared to be attached to the religion of Allah, but their hearts were after gold and silver. These were the hypocrites!

Narrated Zaid bin Wahab: I passed by a place called Ar-Rabadha and by chance I met Abu Dhar and asked him, "What has brought you to this place?" He said, "I was in Sham and differed with Muawiya on the meaning of (the following verses of the Quran): 'They who hoard up gold and silver and spend them not in the way of Allah.' (9.34). Muawiya said, 'This verse is revealed regarding the people of the scriptures." I said, It was revealed regarding us and also the people of the scriptures." So we had a quarrel and Mu'awiya sent a complaint against me to 'Uthman. 'Uthman wrote to me to come to Medina, and I came to Medina. Many people came to me as if they had not seen me before. So I told this to 'Uthman who said to me, "You may depart and live nearby if you wish." That was the reason for my being here for even if an Ethiopian had been nominated as my ruler, I would have obeyed him.
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 24, #488, Book: al-Zakat; Page 296, #1406 (Arabic version)

Narrated Al-Ahnaf bin Qais: While I was sitting with some people from Quraish, a man with very rough hair, clothes, and appearance came and stood in front of us, greeted us and said, "Inform those who hoard wealth, that a stone will be heated in the Hell-fire and will be put on the nipples of their breasts till it comes out from the bones of their shoulders and then put on the bones of their shoulders till it comes through the nipples of their breasts the stone will be moving and hitting." After saying that, the person retreated and sat by the side of the pillar, I followed him and sat beside him, and I did not know who he was. I said to him, "I think the people disliked what you had said." He said, "These people do not understand anything, although my friend told me." I asked, "Who is your friend?" He said, "The Prophet said (to me), 'O Abu Dhar! Do you see the mountain of Uhud?' And on that I (Abu Dhar) started looking towards the sun to judge how much remained of the day as I thought that Allah's Apostle wanted to send me to do something for him and I said, 'Yes!' He said, 'I do not love to have gold equal to the mountain of Uhud unless I spend it all (in Allah's cause) except three Dinars (pounds). These people do not understand and collect worldly wealth. No, by Allah, Neither I ask them for worldly benefits nor am I in need of their religious advice till I meet Allah, The Honorable, The Majestic."'
Reference:
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 24, #489, Book: al-Zakat; Page 296, #1407 (Arabic version)

 
The mosque built by the hypocrites
Quran 9:107-108
And those who built a masjid to cause harm and for unbelief and to cause disunion among the believers and an ambush to him who made war against Allah and His Messenger before; and they will certainly swear: We did not desire aught but good; and Allah bears witness that they are most surely liars.
[108] Never stand in it; certainly a masjid founded on piety from the very first day is more deserving that you should stand in it; in it are men who love that they should be purified; and Allah loves those who purify themselves.

Clearly, this mosque was built to weaken and destroy the Muslim unity. It was built by those companions who said: "We did not desire aught but good; and Allah bears witness that they are most surely liars." These were some of the hypocrites from among the companions.

Quoting from Pooya/Ali commentary, the following is the story behind this verse:

Abu Amir was a Christian monk. Before the arrival of the Holy Prophet in Madina, he used to tell the people of Madina that a promised prophet was about to appear, but when he came and conquered the hearts of the people, Abu Amir lost his position in the community and people completely forgot him. He went to Makka and encouraged and prepared the pagans to fight against the Holy Prophet. He took part in the battles of Uhad and Hunayn. Then he went to Hercules, the emperor of Byzantine empire, to raise an army to crush the Muslims. From there he wrote letters to his comrades (hypocrites in Madina) to build a masjid of their own, so that when he returned it could serve as a centre from where they could operate their plans against the Holy Prophet. At once the hypocrites built a masjid in Quba, a suburb of Madina, about 3 miles to the south-east, known as masjid dhirar (mischief). This place was selected because the Holy Prophet had rested in Quba for four days before entering the city on his emigration from Makka, and had built the first masjid there to which he frequently came to pray salat. It is said that offering of salat in this masjid is equal to one umrah.

By the time masjid dhirar was completed Abu Amir died in Syria. The hypocrites requested the Holy Prophet to consecrate it by praying therein. He did not, and after his return from Tabuk it was demolished.

The story can be found in the Tafseer books of al-Qurtubi, al-Baghawi and ibn Katheer.

The twelve hypocrites
In Sahih Muslim, Kitab Sifatt al-Munafiqeen, Book 38, Hadith 6688:
Qais reported: I said to 'Ammar: What is your opinion about that which you have done in case (of your siding with Hadrat 'Ali)? Is it your personal opinion or something you got from Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him)? 'Ammar said: We have got nothing from Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) which people at large did not get, but Hudhaifa told me that Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) had especially told him amongst his companions, that there would be twelve hypocrites out of whom eight would not get into Paradise, until a camel would be able to pass through the needle hole. The ulcer would be itself sufficient (to kill) eight. So far as four are concerned, I do not remember what Shu'uba said about them.
" " . .

al-Suyuti also recorded the narration al-Jami'i al-Sagheer (vol 4, #5944) and he authenticated it; al-I'iraqi in Takhreej Ahadeeth al-Ihya' (vol 4, Kitab al-Sabr wal Shukr, recorded from Muslim); Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal (vol 5, Musnad al-Ansar).
Those who will never see the prophet after his demise
Musnad ibn Ahmad ibn Hanbal:
Um Salama said: Abdul Rahman ibn A'awf came to me and said: 'O mother, I am afraid that the abundance of my wealth will cause me to perish.' Um Salama responded: 'O son, go and give some away (to the needy). I heard the prophet say: 'There are those from among my companions who will never see me after I leave him (I died).' So Abdul Rahman went and told this to Umar, who then came to me and asked: 'Am I from among these companions (who will never see the prophet again?'. Um Salama responded: No, and I will not put to trial anyone else after you.
: : : . . : ǿ : ǡ .

If these companions will never see the prophet after his demise, it means they will not see him on the Day of Resurrection, they will not see him on the Day of Judgement, they will not see him in Barzakh, they will not see him when every we meet the prophet at the Fountain and they will not see him in Paradise! So they will be on the other side of Paradise!

If Umar was one of those the prophet promised Paradise to, as it was alleged (and he certainly was not after all he had done!), then why would he go to Um Salama and ask her?? Was he in doubt? Why would he be in doubt?? If you heard the prophet tell you that you were promised Paradise, would you go to Um Salama and ask her that question?? This narration is another prove that Umar was not one of the 10 companions whom the prophet promised Paradise.
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